FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Missouria

 

 

Ethnie: MISSOURIA (MISSOURI)
Dialect: Iowa-Oto
Language: Chiwere
Family Central Mississippi Valley Siouan
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Great Plains
Speakers Language extict
      The Missouri were a sedentary hunter/farmer nation but became nomadic buffalo hunters in the summer.  They were closely associated and related to the Otoe tribe and located on the Missouri River at the mouth of the Grand River upon White arrival, but soon moved to the lower Platte and neighboring Missouri Rivers.
     Tradition states that they were once one nation which included the Iowa, Missouria, and Winnebago .  They first split from the Winnebago, and later from the Iowa.  A later fission from the Otoe resulted from a quarrel between two chiefs over the seduction of one's daughter by the son of the other.  Linguistic evidence concurs with the order and timing of these events.
      White pressure and inter-tribal wars forced numerous relocations and large population losses in the 19th century.  They finally rejoined their closest relatives the Otoe.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
IA  Among Otoe
Present Locations
OK  Otoe-Missouria Tribe, Pawnee
Year History
1673 Visited by Marquette
1798 Suffered severe defeat by Sauk and Fox, scattered to live with Kansa, Otoe, and Osage
1804 Had town on the Platte near its mouth when visited by Lewis and Clark
1829 Suffered from war with Osage, part joined ioway, most joined Otoe
1830 Ceded Missouri and Iowa land by treaty, joined by Missouria tribe
1836 Ceded remaining Missouri and Iowa lands
1854 Ceded all remaining land except for that on the Big Blue River by treaty, them exchanged for land taken by from the Kaw
1876 Sold west end of reserve
1881 Sold remainder of land for Oklahoma reserve
Year Total Population MO NE Source
1700 1,000 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 1,000 Mooney estimate
1800 300 300 NAHDB calculation
1804 300 Lewis and Clark
1829 80 Swanton
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
1910 13 Census
1930 0 Census
2000 - NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Iowa, Otoe
Missouria Sites:
Chiwere Language  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiwere_language
Chiwere:  Language of the Ioway, Otoe, and Missouria  http://ioway.nativeweb.org/language/onlanguage.htm
Iowa-Otoe-Missouria Language  http://www.native-languages.org/otoe.htm
Iowa-Oto Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=IOW
Iowa-Oto Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=IOW
Ioway-Oto-Missouria Language Bibliography  http://spot.colorado.edu/~koontz/tracks/jgtiombib.htm
Missouri Indian Tribe  http://www.nanations.com/missouri/index.htm
Missouri Tribe  http://www.fourdir.com/missouri_tribe.htm
Missouri Tribes  http://www.native-languages.org/missouri.htm
Otoe and Missouria Treaty http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0500/stories/0503_0108_03_Oto1833.html
Otoe-Missouria Constitution  http://thorpe.ou.edu/constitution/otoecons.html
Otoe-Missouria Nation Returns ...  http://www.lewisandclark200.org/index_nf.php?cID=762
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Oklahoma  http://www.epa.gov/earth1r6/6pd/pd-u-sw/otoe.pdf

Last updated 12/10/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press