FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Miwok

 

Ethnie: MIWOK (ME-WUK)
Language: Eastern Miwok, Sierra Miwok, Western Miwok (Coast and Lake dialects)
Family: Miwokan
Stock: Utian
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Central California
Speakers 35      1977 Sebeok
     The Miwok were a language group and three separate cultures of semi-sedentary hunter/gatherers. The Valley Miwok lived along the western slope of the Sierra Nevadas from the Sacramento/San Joaquin delta and Cosumnes River south to the Fresno River. The Coast Miwok ranged from the Golden Gate north to Duncan's Point and east to Sonoma Creek. The Lake Miwok lived in the basin of Clear Lake. The Miwok were practically destroyed by White introduced diseases and the atrocities of the Mexicans and American gold rush era settlers and miners.
Aboriginal Locations
(Villages)  Lake (19), Coast (44), Valley (107)
Present Locations
BUENA VISTA RANCHERIA, Ione
CHICKEN RANCH RANCHERIA, Jamestown
GRATON RANCHERIA, Novato
IONE BAND OF MIWOK INDIANS, Ione
JACKSON RANCHERIA, Jackson
SHEEP RANCH RANCHERIA, Sheepranch
SHINGLE SPRINGS RANCHERIA, Shingle Springs
TUOLUMNE ME-WUK RANCHERIA, Tuolumne
Groups With Recognition Petitions zpending
FEDERATED COAST MIWOK, Novato
Year History
1579 Coast Miwok met Sir Francis Drake
1776 Jose Canizares explored territories
1794 First converts at San Francisco Mission
1811 First converts at San Jose Mission
1813 Battled with Spanish under Arguelo at Consumes River
1819 Attacked by Sanchez, 27 killed
1826 Attacked by Sanchez, 40 killed
1827 Attacked by Soto, many killed in a five hour battle
1833 Malaria epidemic, huge loses
1837 Attacked by Mesa and Amador, 70 Spanish killed 100 in battle, massacred another 100 captives
1850 California gold rush, conflicts and genocide followed; attacked miners under chief Tenaya
1851 Mariposa Indian War
Year Population Source
11,400 Cook aboriginal estimate
1700 11,000 NAHDB calculation
1770 9,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 9,000 NAHDB calculation
1848 6,500 Cook estimate
1852 4,850 Cook estimate
1880 1,080 Cook estimate
1900 1,100 NAHDB calculation
1910 1,100 Census
1930 93 Census
1989 1,333 BIA
2000 1,500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Miwok Sites
About the Miwok People  http://readmeabook.com/cubs/miwok1.htm
The Bay Miwok of Contra Costa County  http://www.cccoe.net/miwokproject/
Black Oak Casino  http://www.blackoakcasino.com/tribal/tribal.htm
Buena Vista Rancheria  http://www.buenavistatribe.com/
Burial Shows Miwok weren't a Placid Society  http://www.ptreyeslight.com/oldstories/miwok928.html
California Valley Miwok Tribe  http://californiavalleymiwok.com/
California's Miwok Indians Fight to Reclaim Official Tribal Status  http://www.cnn.com/2000/US/07/12/miwok.reservation/
Central California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/central_california_culture.htm
Central Valley Miwok Tribe  http://californiavalleymiwoktribe.us/
Chicken Ranch Bingo and Casino  http://www.chickenranchbingo.com/
Children's Book Author Revives Old Miwok Legend  http://www.noevalleyvoice.com/1997/November/author.html
Coast Miwok History Kit  http://www.historykits.com/3miwok.html

Coast Miwok Indians  http://www.sfsu.edu/~geog/bholzman/ptreyes/introclt.htm

Coast Miwok Language Tutorial  http://www.jamatra.com/cm/
Curtis Collection  http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/VINTAGE%20PORTFOLIO%20PRINTS/volume14b.html
Drake's Encounters with the Coast Miwok  http://www.californiahistory.net/3_PAGES/drake_miwok.htm
Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria - A Coast Miwok Tribe  http://www.coastmiwok.com/
Flag of the Yosemite Miwok  http://members.aol.com/Donh523/navapage/yosmiwok.htm
Friendly Fire: A 49er's Life With the Miwok People  http://www.duendedrama.com/pffire.htm
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide    http://www.earthisland.org/eijournal/spring98/sp98g_wr.htm
The Hearth of the Coast Miwok Territory  http://www.tomalesbay.net/about_miwok.html
History of the Coast Miwok at Point Reyes  http://www.nps.gov/pore/history_miwok.htm
History of the Miwok Acorn Festival  http://www.brownielocks.com/miwok.html
Ione Band of Miwok Indians  http://www.ionemiwok.org/
Jackson Rancheria Casino and Hotel  http://www.jacksoncasino.com/
Mewuk Indian Study  4th, 5th, and 6th Grade Study Project  http://www.clovisusd.k12.ca.us/sos/Miwuk.html
Miwok  http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/miwok.html
The Miwok  http://www.californiahistory.net/2_natives/miwok.htm
The Miwok 4th Grade Student project  http://www.murrieta.k12.ca.us/alta/grade4/tribes/miwok.html
Miwok Archeological Preserve of Marin  http://www.mapom.com/
Miwokan Language Family Tree 
Miwok Archeological Preserve at Marin  http://www.primitiveways.com/MAPOM.html
Miwok Archeological Site  http://www.ptreyeslight.com/stories/nov18_99/bones.html
Miwok Author Credit Elders  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co02102001/CO_02102001_Miwok.htm
Miwok Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t248
Miwok Basket from Yosemite National Park  http://www.cr.nps.gov/museum/treasures/html/B/yose31721.htm
Miwok Baskets  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/miwokhome.html
Miwok Bibliography  http://www.yosemitenews.net/miwok_bib.html
Miwok Bibliography  http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/cilc/bibs/miwok.html
Miwok, Central Sierra Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=CSM
Miwok, Coast Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=CSI
Miwok Fashion  http://lessons.ctaponline.org/~ccasner/fashion.htm
Miwok House  http://www.eastcountylive.com/galleries/brentwood/smith_family/smithfamilygallery/pages/miwok-house1.htm
Miwok Houses  http://www.coolkayaking.com/Trip_Photos/Northern_California/index/image005/image0054.htm
The Miwok Indians of Yosimite Valley  http://www.ehs.pvt.k12.ca.us/projects/9899/YosRpts/cara
Miwok Image  http://www.pacwesttraders.com/miwoklarge.html
Miwok Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/miwok.htm
Miwok Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/california/miwokindianhist.htm
Miwok Indians  http://library.thinkquest.org/J001677/
Miwok Information  http://www.angelisland.org/miwok.htm
Miwok, Lake Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=LMW
Miwok Language  http://www.houseofthesmalllanguages.org/Langages/NA/2a10/Miwok/Miwok.htm
Miwok Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_family.asp?subid=1834
Miwok Myths  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/ca/mim/
Miwok, Northern Sierra  Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=NSQ
The Miwok of Mt. Diablo  http://www.mdia.org/chnamd.htm
The Miwok of the U.S.:  An Example of Coalescence  http://strategyleader.org/assimilation/miwok_rop.html
The Miwok People  http://www.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=22538
Miwok, Plains Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=PMW
Miwok, Southern Sierra Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=SKD
Miwoks' Less Than Golden Fate Recalled at Park  http://www.calgoldrush.com/travel/miwok.html
Miwok - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/miwok.html
Miwok Storytelling Legend Movie  http://ali.apple.com/ali_sites/ali/exhibits/1000608/
The Miwok:  The North American Indian  http://www.yosemite.ca.us/history/curtis/
Miwok Villages  http://www.rphist.org/html/miwok.html
Miwok Village Stories 2nd Grade Student Project  http://www.bpcweb.net/class/2nd/2miwokstry/
Miwok-Yokut Raids into Mexican California  http://www.militarymuseum.org/Miwok.html
Miwok (Yosemite) Literature  http://www.indians.org/welker/miwok.htm
Muir Woods  http://www.visitmuirwoods.com/history.htm
The Origin of Yosemite  http://www.fortunecity.com/skyscraper/tcpip/130/miwok1.html
Origins of Miwok Still Debated [?]  http://www.ptreyeslight.com/oldstories/miwok2928.html
Picayune Rancheria  http://www.chukchansi.net/
Place Where They Burnt the Digger  http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/5views/5views1h65.htm
Plant Uses of the Coast Miwok of Marin  http://friendsofcortemaderacreek.org/cn/miwokplants.pdf
Pohonichi Miwok:  The Theft of Fire  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/ca/scc/scc10.htm
Prospecting - Indian Gold Washing  http://www.museumca.org/goldrush/fever13-mi.html
Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians  http://www.co.el-dorado.ca.us/stories/miwok.html
Shingle Springs Rancheria  http://www.shinglespringsrancheria.com/
Sierra Miwok Language  http://www.ling.ohio-state.edu/~ehume/metathesis/Sierra%20Miwok
Southern Miwok Indian People  http://www.yosemite.ca.us/history/miwok.html
Three Dancers Pastel  http://www.galwest.com/fine_art/A_McClure/3_dancers.html
Thunder Valley  Casino  http://www.thundervalleyresort.com/
Yosemite Basketmakers Miwok-Paiute Tradition  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/art/basket/yosemite.html
The Yosemite of the Sierra Foothills  http://www4.hmc.edu:8001/humanities/indian/ca/ch13.htm
Yosemite Valley History  http://www.angelfire.com/id/newpubs/miwok.html

Last updated 08/10/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press