Language: Mohegan-Pequot
Family: Eastern Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Mohegan were a sedentary hunter/ farmer nation closely related to the Pequot from whom they separated late. They occupied most of the upper valley of the Thames and its branches in eastern Connecticut. They later expanded into territories occupied by other tribes in Connecticut and Massachusetts. The Mohegan were decimated by early White contact. Their language became extinct early in the twentieth century. There are no full bloods remaining today.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
CT      (21)
Present Locations
CT    Mohegan Nation, Uncasville
Year History
1633 The Pequot became split over trade alliances, Sassacus favored the Dutch and Uncas favored the English and Uncas and his followers fissioned from the Pequot and became known as the Mohegan
1634 Smallpox epidemic
1635 English built a fort at Saybrook near the mouth of the Connecticut River causing the Dutch to withdraw from their post at Hartford
1636 Englishman Thomas Hooker settled at Hartford; Mohegan and Narragansett allied with the English against the Pequot; Mohegan under Uncas and Narragansett under Canonchet attacked and destroyed the Pequot fort at Mystic capturing 180 and killing and beheading sachem Sassacus, the remaining Pequot sachems surrendered
1638 Mohegan absorbed the surviving Pequot and worked them like slaves
1640 Narragansett, Tunxis, and Pocomtuc formed an alliance against the Mohegan
1644 The Narragansett under Miontonimo attacked the Mohegan capital of Shetucket and were ultimately withdrew after Miontonimo was captured, turned over to the British and finally tomahawked and killed by Uncas brother; Mohegan became the most powerful tribe in southern New England
1658 Pocomtuc attacked Mohegan villages
1675 Supported the English in King Philip's War; destroyed the Narragansett fort at Kingston, Rhode Island (Great Swamp Fight) and captured and executed Narragansett sachem Canonchet
1688 Mohegan served as English scouts during King William's War (1688-96)
1701 Mohegan served as English scouts during Queen Anne's War (1701-1713)
1711 Missions established for the tribe
1723 Mohegan served as English scouts during Grey Lock's War (1723-1727), only 42 warriors left
1773 Occum preached to his tribesmen and organized them into the Brother Towns (later called Brotherton) and to be joined by other tribes
1774 Surrendered last remaining tribal lands
1994 Became federally recognized
Year Total CT Population Source
1600 2,200 Mooney estimate
1643 2,250 Swanton
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1705 750 Swanton
1774 206 Swanton
1800 100 NAHDB calculation
1804 84 Swanton
1809 69 Swanton
1900 50 NAHDB calculation 
1910 22 Census
1970 200 Census
2000 800 NAHDB calculation 
2005 1,000 Reservation rolls
Other speakers of the same language:
Mohegan Sites:
Accomodation and Adaption:  The Mohegan Church
Connecticut - Mohegan Archeological Field School
Lasting of the Mohegans - Mohican American Indian tribe
Mark of Uncas 6, The
Mohegan Authors
Mohegan Chairman Named to Endangered Language Panel
Mohegan Flag
Mohegan History
Mohegan Indian Fact Sheet
Mohegan Indian History
Mohegan Language
Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett Language
Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett Linguistic Lineage
Mohegan museum gift carries on Native tradition of give-aways
Mohegans Revive Culture Through Language
Mohegan Sun Casino
Mohegan Tribe
Mohegan Tribe of Connecticut
Running Against Time:  Medicine Woman Preserves Mohegan Culture

Last updated 10/04//05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press