FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Molala

 

 

Ethnie: MOLALA
Language: Molala
Family: Molala
Stock: Molala
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern Plateau
Speakers 0
     The Molala were a semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe.  They were located in Oregon, with their range to the head of the Wallawalla, Umatilla, and Grande Ronde Rivers.  The Molala separated from the Cayuse after 1780 and most settled on the Grand Ronde Reservation in 1857 and 1877.  An estimated 20 of the tribe absorbed into southern Oregon tribes.
Aboriginal Locations
OR with no subdivisions
Oregon Present Locations
OR  Grand Ronde Reservation
Year History
1780 Molala with Cayuse, soon fissioned
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1838 Mission established by Marcus Whitman near present Whitman
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1853 Smallpox epidemic
1855 Southern Molala agreed to join other tribes by treaty
1857 Grand Ronde Reservation established
1877 Gatschet found several Molala families living at Grand Ronde Reservation and 20 others living west of Klamath Lake
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 0 NAHDB calculation (Among Cayuse)
1780 500 Mooney
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1849 100 Swanton
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had joined Grand Ronde)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cayuse
Molala Sites:
Cayuse  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/cayuse.html
Cayuse and Lewis and Clack  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_061_13_20.html
Cayuse and Other ...  http://www.nps.gov/whmi/newsite/cayuse.htm
Cayuse History  http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/oregon/chistory.html
Cayuse Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/waiilatpuan/cayuseindianhist.htm
Cayuse Indian Pony  http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/horses/cayuseindian/
Cayuse Indian Pony  http://www.terrific-horses.com/breeds/cayuse-indian-pony.asp
Cayuse Warriors  http://gladstone.uoregon.edu/~cmh18294/caywar.html
Chief Umapine  http://www.omnifineart.com/prod/index.asp?fuseaction=viewdetail&sku=10111
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation  http://www.umatilla.nsn.us/history.html
Fourteen Die in Whitman Massacre ...  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5192
Historic Cayuse Photos  http://www.nps.gov/whmi/history/moor.htm
Indians of Eastern Oregon  http://www.nps.gov/joda/lee/lee1-1.htm
Kamiakin and the Yakima Indian War of 1855  http://members.aol.com/Gibson0817/ywar.htm
Klamath Indian Trail  http://www.endoftheoregontrail.org/oregontrails/klamath.html
Linn County Sheriff's History  http://www.co.linn.or.us/Sheriff/Home/LCSOhome1.history.SheriffBio.wheeler.htm
Molala Basket  http://www.molalla.net/~city/page27.html
Molala History  http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/oregon/mhistory.html
Molala Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/waiilatpuan/molalahist.htm
Molalla History  http://www.molalla.net/~city/page4.html
Molalla People of Clackamas County  http://www.usgennet.org/alhnorus/ahorclak/molallas.html
Northeastern Oregon Natives ...  http://www.chenowith.k12.or.us/tech/subject/social/natam_or/northeast.html
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_plateau_culture.htm
Oregon Trail  http://linnhistory.peak.org/1853/1853immore.html
Tamastslikt Cultural Institute  http://www.tamastslikt.com/press.asp?id=38
Treaty with Molala  http://www.utulsa.edu/law/classes/rice/Treaties/12_Stat_0981_Molala.htm
Willamette Falls  http://www.midtermpapers.com/10353.htm
Wright, Harrison, emigrant 1844  http://www.co.linn.or.us/Sheriff/Home/LCSOhome1.history.SheriffBio.wheeler.htm
Young-chief Bronze   http://americanart.si.edu/t2go/1lw/index-noframe.html?/t2go/1lw/1985.76.5.html
Your Indian Hosts  http://www.happycanyon.com/hosts.htm

Last updated 02/06/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press