Mountain Dene



Dialect: Dogrib
Language: Hare-Chipewyan
Family: Athapaskan
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Sub-Arctic
Speakers A As many as 70% of tribe    
      The Mountain Dene or Nahanni were a poor hunter tribe of the sub-arctic. They were located south and east of Great Bear Lake along the Nahanni River. They often experienced wars, epidemics, and famine.
Aboriginal Location
AB among Chipewyan or NT
Present Locations
NT Nahanni Butte Dene Band, Laird River at South Nahanni River
Year History
1789 Mackenzie was told about tribe
1821 2 families visited Fort Simpson
1822 Began trading at Forts Norman and Good Hope
1830 War reported in Mountain territories
1831 Starvation reported
1835 War again reported
1837 32 or more died of starvation
1843 75 died of starvation, war against Francis Lake Indians
1851 Many died of starvation
1860 Oblate priest began annual visit to Fort Norman
1865 Measles epidemic
1885 Permanent Catholic mission at Fort Norman
1886 War in Mountain territories
1892 Chief, family died of starvation
1920 Oil discovery at Norman Wells
1994 Sahtu Dene and Metis Land Claim Settlement Act
Year  NT Population   Source
1700 600   NAHDB calculation
1800 600   NAHDB calculation
1858 433   Ross estimate
1900 200   NAHDB calculation
1914 202   Ducot
2000 100   NAHDB calculation
2005 87   Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
Chipewyan, Deline, Dogrib, Slavey, Yellowknike
Mountain Dene Tribe Sites:
Aboriginal History of Northern Canada
Chipewyan/Dene Language
Chipewyan Language
Chipewyan Language
Chipewyan Language
Chipewyan Language Plaque
Chipewyan Linguistic Lineage
De Cho History
Dogrib Language
Dogrib Language
Dogrib Language
Dogrib Language
Dogrib Language
Dogrib Linguistic Lineage
Drum Lake Lodge
First Arctic Land Expedition ...
Grissley Bear Conservation in the Grater Nahanni
Mountain Dene Trail to the Mountains
Nahanni Butte Community Profile
Nahanni Butte Dene Band
Nahanni Butte Dene Band
Nahanni Butte Settlement
Nahanni History
Nahanni National Park Reserve
People of the Deh Cho
Setups and Setbacks
Traditional Tribes of Great Slave
Treaty No. 11
Visit Norman Wells

Last updated 11/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press