Language: Salish, Southern Puget Sound
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 107   1990 SIL
     The Muckleshoot were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherer group of tribes which relied heavily on fishing.  They were located on the White River from Kent to the mountains and possibly including some areas of the Green River.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
WA  (3)
Present Locations
WA  Muckleshoot Reservation, Auburn
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1843 Hudson Bay Company founded Victoria
1854 Tribes moved to Nisqually Reservation
1870 Smallpox epidemic
1874 Muckleshoot Reservation established
1936 Ratified tribal constitution
1999 Muckleshoot Mall, Muckleshoot Casino, and White River Amphitheater opened
Year  Population Source
1700 1,200 NAHDB calculation 
1800 1,200 NAHDB calculation
1856 1,200 Swanton
1900 500 NAHDB calculation
1937 194 US Indian Office 
1973 467 BIA
1989 2,963 BIA
2000 3,300 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Muckleshoot Sites:
Ballard, Arthur Records Records and Translated Legends ...
Emarald Downs ...
Last Few Whulshootseed Speakers ...
Muckleshoot Casino
Muckleshoot Flag
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe
Muckleshoot Native American Tribe
Muckleshoot Project Blends Culture with Design
Muckleshoot Salmon
Muckleshoots Begin Selling Tribe Salmon
Muckleshoot Tribal Profile
Muckleshoot Tribe Work Study
Muckleshoot Tribe
Muckleshoot Tribe Properties
Muckleshoot Tribe Pumps Up Auburn Economy
Muckleshoot Tribe to Loose Sacred Sites
Muckleshoot Tribe Trying to Save Language
Native Americans of Puget Sound
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany
Salish, Southern Puget Sound Language
Salish, Southern Puget Sound Linguistic Lineage
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792
Whulsootseed Alphabet

Last updated 02/21/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press