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Muckleshoot

 

 

Ethnie: MUCKLESHOOT
Language: Salish, Southern Puget Sound
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 107   1990 SIL
     The Muckleshoot were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherer group of tribes which relied heavily on fishing.  They were located on the White River from Kent to the mountains and possibly including some areas of the Green River.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
WA  (3)
Present Locations
WA  Muckleshoot Reservation, Auburn
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1843 Hudson Bay Company founded Victoria
1854 Tribes moved to Nisqually Reservation
1870 Smallpox epidemic
1874 Muckleshoot Reservation established
1936 Ratified tribal constitution
1999 Muckleshoot Mall, Muckleshoot Casino, and White River Amphitheater opened
Year  Population Source
1700 1,200 NAHDB calculation 
1800 1,200 NAHDB calculation
1856 1,200 Swanton
1900 500 NAHDB calculation
1937 194 US Indian Office 
1973 467 BIA
1989 2,963 BIA
2000 3,300 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Muckleshoot Sites:
Ballard, Arthur Records Records and Translated Legends ...  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=2563
Emarald Downs ...  http://www.emdowns.com/
Last Few Whulshootseed Speakers ...  http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2002173798_muckleshoot08m.html
Muckleshoot Casino  http://www.muckleshootcasino.com/
Muckleshoot Flag  http://users.aol.com/Donh523/navapage/muckle.htm
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=3636
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe  http://www2.ihs.gov/PortlandAO/about/Muckleshoot.asp
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe  http://www.muckleshoot.nsn.us/
Muckleshoot Native American Tribe  http://www.ohwy.com/wa/m/mcklshoo.htm
Muckleshoot Project Blends Culture with Design  http://www.djc.com/news/ae/11151123.html
Muckleshoot Salmon  http://www.julieleung.com/archives/000147.html
Muckleshoots Begin Selling Tribe Salmon  http://www.kingcountyjournal.com/sited/story/html/143444
Muckleshoot Tribal Profile  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Washington/Muckleshoot%20Tribal%20Profile.htm
Muckleshoot Tribe Work Study  http://depts.washington.edu/stepcofs/Muckleshoot/Muckleshoot_involvement.htm
Muckleshoot Tribe  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1558.html
Muckleshoot Tribe Properties  http://www.muckleshootbingo.com/muckleshoottribeproperties.html
Muckleshoot Tribe Pumps Up Auburn Economy  http://www.bizjournals.com/seattle/stories/1998/07/13/focus4.html
Muckleshoot Tribe to Loose Sacred Sites  http://www.washingtonfreepress.org/30/Quick.html
Muckleshoot Tribe Trying to Save Language  http://www.indianz.com/News/2005/006406.asp
Native Americans of Puget Sound  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=1506
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_coastal_culture.htm
Salish, Southern Puget Sound Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=SLH
Salish, Southern Puget Sound Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=SLH
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5230
Whulsootseed Alphabet  http://www.wrvmuseum.org/alphabet.swf

Last updated 02/21/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press