Ethnie: NAKOTA
Dialect: Nakota
Language: Dakota
Family: Central Mississippi Valley Siouan 
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Great Plains
      The Sioux were a language group and culture.  Prehistorically, they were apparently a component of the Indian Knoll Culture of the south, removing from that area about 1000 B.C.  They became sedentary hunter/farmers along the Mississippi in southern Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin.  Ultimately, all of the Lakota and some of the Dakota and Nakota were driven out onto the Great Plains by the Chippewa where they became nomadic hunter/gatherers.  This created an eastern woodlands division of the tribe and a prairie division, with the greater part of the population in the latter.
      The Nakota were, for the most part, bellicose and had many enemies, particularly on the plains where they lived in a constant state of war.  T
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
Minnesota and Wisconsin
Present Locations
MT     Fort Peck Reservation (Nakota), Poplar
NE      Santee Reservation (Dakota, Nakota), Niobara
SK      Carry the Kettle (Nakota), Sintaluta
            Pheasant's Rump, (Nakota), Kisbey
Year History
1640 First mentioned in the Jesuit Relation
1765 Some first reached the Black Hills, driven west by Chippewa
1801 Smallpox epidemic
1804 Met by Lewis and Clark
1837 Smallpox epidemic; sold all of their territories east of the Mississippi to U. S.
1862 Eastern bands under Little Crow (Santee Uprising) killed 700 settlers, 100 soldiers; soon forced west
1984 Pheasant's Rump established
Year Total Pop. MN MT NE SK Source
Arrival 2,000 2,000
1700 1,000 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 Mooney estimate
1800 NAHDB calculation
1900 5,600 5,000  100 500 NAHDB calculation 
1904 5,000 100 Census
2000 6,500 4,500 500 1,500 NAHDB calculation
2004 7,245 5,000  500 1,745 Various
Sioux Sites:
Carry the Kettle Indian Band
Catlin Sioux Paintings
DLN Nation
Fort Peck Assiniboin and Sioux History
Fort Peck Assiniboin and Sioux History
Fort Peck Assiniboin and Sioux Tribes
Fort Peck Community College
Fort Peck Indian Reservation
Fort Peck Tribal Executive Board
Fort Totten History
Ghost Dance, Mooney's Illustrations
Great Sioux Nation
Great Sioux Nation
Great Sioux Nation
Lakota, Nakota, Dakota
Pheasant Rump First Nation
Pheasant Rump Nakota Indian Band
Santee Sioux History
Santee Sioux History
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska Community Profile
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska Overview
Sioux Authors
Sioux Elders Hold Peaceful Takeover of Tribal Council Building
Sioux History
Sioux Indian Archery
Sioux Indian Art
Sioux Indian Bibliography
Sioux Indian Museum
Sioux Indian Museum
Sioux Indians
Sioux Language
Sioux Literature
Sioux Nation - Lakota, Dakota, Nakota
Sioux Tribe

Last updated 04/02/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press