FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Snuneymuxw

 

 

Ethnie: SNUNEYMUXW (NANAIMO)
Language: Halkomelem
Family: Central Salish
Stock: Salish
Phylum: Mosan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Coast
Speakers 200   (2002 Poser)  
      The Nanaimo were a sedentary coastal hunter tribe that relied heavily on fishing. They were located on the east coast of Vancouver Island at Nanoose Bay and Nanaimo Harbor. They are closely related to the Cowichan, and they have similar histories. The Nanaimo suffered from the White influx, particularly smallpox. Nonetheless, they remain in their aboriginal location.
Aboriginal Locations
BC      Nanaimo, Snonowas
Present Locations
BC Snuneymuxw First Nation, Nanaimo
Year History
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1843 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Victoria
1870 Smallpox epidemic
1884 Potlatch banned in British Columbia
1951 Potlatch ban lifted
Year BC Population   Source
1700 700   NAHDB calculation
1800 500   NAHDB calculation
1892 178   Department of Indian Affairs
1900 150   NAHDB calculation
1906 161   Census
2000 1,300   NAHDB calculation
2001 1,344   Indian Northern Affairs Canada
Other speakers of the same language:
Cowichan
Snuneymuxw Tribe Sites:
First Nations History in the Gulf Islands  http://saltspringarchives.com/multicultural/firstnations/
Gabriola Petroglyphs  http://www.island.net/~gm_chin/petrogly.html
Halkomelem:  Cowichan Language  http://globalrecordings.net/language/4823
Halkomelem Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=hur
Hlakomelem Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=hur
History Native Canoes  http://www.blackfishwilderness.com/canoehistory.htm
Nanaimo  http://www.nanaimobritishcolumbia.com/
Nanaimo  http://collections.ic.gc.ca/folklore/navigate/bcfs/nanimo.htm
Nanaimo, British Columbia  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanaimo,_British_Columbia
Nanaimo Definition  http://www.rootsweb.com/~bcvancou/places/correct.htm
Nanaimo Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca11.php
Nanaimo in the 1890's  http://www.mala.ca/history/nanaimo/firstnations.htm
Snuneymuxw First Nation  http://www.bctreaty.net/nations_3/nanaimo.html
Snuneymuxw First Nation  http://www.gov.bc.ca/arr/negotiation/first_nations_in_the_process/snuneymuxw.htm
Snuneymuxw First Nation  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snuneymuxw_First_Nation
Snuneymuxw First Nation  http://collections.ic.gc.ca/snuneymuxw/
Snuneymuxw First Nation  http://www.snuneymuxw.ca/
Snuneymuxw Statement of Intent  http://www.bctreaty.net/soi_3/soisnuneymuxw.html
Snuneymuxw Treaty  http://www.snuneymuxw.ca/treatydouglas.htm

Last updated 11/11/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press