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Narragansett

 

 

Ethnie: NARRAGANSETT
Language: Wampanoag
Family: Eastern Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Narragansett were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe.  They occupied the greater part of Rhode Island west of Narragansett Bay, between Providence and the Pawcatuck River. They took huge losses in King Philip's War and many joined other tribes as a result. Some descendants, nonetheless, remain in their aboriginal territory.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
RI     8 (Chaubatick, Maushapoque, Mittaubscut, Narrangansett, Pawchauquet, Shawomet)
Present Locations
RI    Narragansett Indian Tribe, Charlestown
Year History
1617 Escaped great pestilence, and were increased in numbers by refugees
1620 Contact with Europeans as they traded with the Dutch from New York
1622 Attacked by Pequot
1633 Lost 700 in smallpox epidemic
1635 More losses to epidemic but repelled Pequot regaining lost territories
1636  Sold lands to Roger Williams who had been banished from Puritans for supporting tribe
1640 Formed an alliance with Pocomtuc and Mattabesic against the Mohegan
1644 Narragansett under Miontonimo defeated Mohawk but Miontonimo was captured; Miontonimo was execute by the brother of Mohegan Uncas probably with British approvel
1675 Wampanoag warriors attacked Swansea, Massachusetts in June and started the King Philip's War (1675-76).
1676 Lost 1,000 in Kingston swamp fight, forced to abandon their country, some joined Mahican, Abnaki, Mohegan, Brotherton; many captured by British and enslaved including King Philip's wife and son; King Philip later captured and executed
1682 Remaining 500 Narragansett forced by British to sign and peace treaty and move to a small reservation with the Niantic in Charlestown, Rhode island
1708 1,000 Narragansett reserve established 
1788 Many Narragansett removed from Rhode Island to joint the Mohegan in Connecticut and the Brotherton in upstate New York
1880 Tribe unilaterally terminated their tribal status, tribe lost 3,200, all but 2 acres of their reservation
1978 Tribe regained 2,500 acres and a reservation
Year Total RI Population Source
1600 4,000 Mooney estimate
1682 500 Dick Shovel
1700 500 NAHDB calculation
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1812 140 Swanton
1832 80 Swanton
1900 100 NAHDB calculation 
1930 130 Census
1989 2,058 BIA
2000 2,300 NAHDB calculation 
2005 2,400 Dick Shovel
Other speakers of the same language:
Massachuset, Nauset, Niantic, Nipmuc, Wampanoag
Narragansett Sites:
Narragansett  http://www.dickshovel.com/Narra.html
Narragansett  http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/narragansett.htm
Narragansett  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/narragansett.html
Narragansett  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narragansett
Narragansett History  http://www.dickshovel.com/Narra.html
Narragansett Indian author and journalist publishes his first novel  http://www.zwire.com/site/news.cfm?BRD=1720&dept_id=74561&newsid=10435328&PAG=461&rfi=9
Narragansett Indian Church  http://www.pluralism.org/research/profiles/display.php?profile=71802&version=print
Narragansett Indian Monument  http://www.quahog.org/attractions/index.php?id=119
Narragansett Indian Tribe  http://www.narragansett-tribe.org/
Narragansett Indian Tribe  http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/es/ri/tribe_1
Narragansett Indian Tribe  http://www.loc.gov/bicentennial/propage/RI/ri-2_h_weygand5.html
Narragansett Indian Tribe Location and Land Status  http://www.epa.gov/region1/govt/tribes/pdfs/narragansetttribe.pdf
Narragansett Language  http://www.native-languages.org/narragansett.htm
Narragansett Tribe Wants Housing  http://www.ired.com/news/2000/0007/narragansett.htm
Senator Chafee Laments Cuts in Narragansett Housing  http://www.wpri.com/Global/story.asp?S=3862962
Squanto  http://www.rootsweb.com/~mosmd/squanto.htm
Squash Names for an Indian Word  http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/plantanswers/publications/vegetabletravelers/squash.html
Wampanoag Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=WAM
Wampanoag Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_lang_family.asp?code=WAM

Last updated 09/28/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press