FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Natchitoches

 

 

Ethnie: NATCHITOCHES
Language: Caddo
Family Southern Caddo
Stock: Caddo
Phylum: Macro-Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers 141 in total language    1990
       The Natichoches were a confederacy of hunter/farmer tribes.  They were located in northeastern Louisiana in the region of the Red River.  Famine and conflicts with other tribes resulted in depopulation and in the joining of the Hasinai and Kadahadacho confederacies.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions, #of villages)
LA  (Doustioni  1, Natchitoches 1, Ouachita, Yatasi 1)
Present Locations
OK   Caddo Tribe, Anadarko
Year History
1542 Probably visited by Moscoso, De Soto's successor
1690 Visited by Tonti
1700 Visited by Bienville
1702 Crop failure resulted in French aided relocation to live with Acolapissa tribe on Lake Ponchartrain
1707 Among those who attacked Chitimacha to avenge death of misionary St. Cosme.
1714 Returned to old town by St. Denis, Acolapissa killed 17 and captures 50 women and children in an attempt to thwart move, tribe slowly diminished and was eventually absorbed by the Hasinai and Kadohadacho Confederacies
Year Total LA Population Source
1600 1,000 Swanton
1700 400 Bienville estimate
400 400 NAHDB calculation
1718 80 Bienville estimate, joined Caddo and Hasinai
1800 - NAHDB calculation
1900 - NAHDB calculation 
2000 - NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Caddo, Hasinai
Natchitoches Sites:
Arkansas Odyssey  http://www.pccua.edu/keough/native_americans.htm
Caddo Ancestors  http://www.texasbeyondhistory.net/tejas/ancestors/historic.html
Caddo Archeology  http://www.vftn.org/projects/darvilleo/history.htm
Caddo Indian History  http://ops.tamu.edu/x075bb/caddo/Indians.html
Caddo Indians  http://www.rra.dst.tx.us/c_t/indians/CADDO%20INDIANS.cfm
Caddo Indians and Caddo Archeology  http://www.infography.com/content/078134178220.html
Caddo Indians of Louisiana  http://www.crt.state.la.us/crt/ocd/arch/caddo/hist.htm
Caddo Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=CAD
Caddo Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_lang_family.asp?code=CAD
Cane River Heritage  http://www.caneriverheritage.org/main_file.php/heritagearea.php/33/
Derbanne, Francois Guyon des Pres  http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/DD/fde85.html
Di Tonti of the Iron Hand  http://www.swlahistory.org/tonti.htm
Mississippian Civilization:  Southern Region  http://www.hp.uab.edu/image_archive/up/upj.html
Natchitoches County  http://www.enlou.com/places/natchitochescounty.htm
Natchitoches Indians  http://www.explorenatchitoches.com/cultures.php?task=view&articleID=4
Natchitoche Parish History  http://www.pccua.edu/keough/native_americans.htm
Natchitoch Indians  http://www.rra.dst.tx.us/c_t/indians/NATCHITOCH%20INDIANS.cfm
Margil de Jesus, Fray Antonio  http://www.swlahistory.org/margil.htm

Last updated 04/10/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press