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Neutrals

 

 

Ethnie: NEUTRALS (ATTIWANDERONS)
Dialects (Speakers): Neutrals (0)
Language: Huron
Family: Northern Iroquoian
Stock: Iroquoian
Phylum: Macro-Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
      The Neutrals were a sedentary hunter/farmer nation.  The ranged from southern Ontario to westernmost New York, northeastern Ohio and southeastern Michigan.  The Neutrals were so names because of their neutrality in the wars between the Huron and the Iroquois Five Nations.  The Five Nations, however, eventually turned on the Neutrals during the Beaver Wars.  The Neutrals were eventually completely destroyed by the Five Nations which absorbed some of its survivors while other confederated into the Mingo.
Aboriginal Locations (% Apportionment)
MI     10%
NY    10%
OH    60%
ON    20%
Present Locations
Extinct as a culture
Year History
1626 Visited to Father Joseph D'Alyon (received cold reception and forced to leave)
1635 Gave refuge to an unidentified Iroquoian speaking tribe from the western end of Lake Erie; defeated the Aouenrehronon (Potawatomi [?])
1640 Visited by Frs. Jean de Breboeuf and Pierre Chaumonot Jean de Breboeuf and Pierre Chaumonot
1641 2,000 Neutrals overran a Mascouten [?] village in 10 day siege taking women and children 800 prisoners; men blinded and left to wander and die
1647 Seneca accused Neutrals of harboring Huron refugees
1648 Huron accepted some Huron refugees
1650 Attacked by western Iroquois; one group fled across the Great Lake to join Tionontati and Huron, another joined the Susquehannock
1652 A Neutrals and Susquehannock group defeated a Seneca war party
1653 800 Neutrals living near Detroit
1656 Neutrals reported living south of Lake Erie
1660 All independent Neutrals bands has disappeared, though made had fled to join the Erie
1674 Many members of Caughnawaga (Mohawk) were Neutrals
1680 Seneca village of Gandongarae said to be comprised entirely of Neutrals
Year Total Population MI NY OH ON Source
1600 10,000 1,000 1,000 6,000 1,000 Hewitt estimate
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Neutrals Sites:
Attiwanderons  http://www.kwic.com/~pagodavista/schoolhouse/rec/attiwan.htm
Indians of the Northeast  http://www.runningdeerslonghouse.com/webdoc381.htm
Neutral Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/iroquioi/neutralhist.htm
Neutrals Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t200
Neurtrals History  http://www.dickshovel.com/neutral.html
Neutrals/the Neutral Nation  http://members.lycos.nl/Shades/nativeamericans/neutrals.htm

Last updated 09/08/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press