Language: Gitxsan
Family: Tsimshian
Stock: Chinookan
Phylum: Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 400   (1999 Jay Powell)  
      The Nisga'a were a coastal hunter tribe that relied heavily on fishing. They traded early with the Whites but suffered from White introduced diseases genocide upon the influx of miners.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
BC     Kithateh or Gitrhatin (3), Kitgigenik or Gitwinksilk (2), Kitwinshilk (2), Kitanwilksh (3)
Present Locations
BC    Gitlakdamix (New Aiyansh).
         Gitwinksihlkw (Canyon City)
         Lakalzop (Greenville)
         Oingoix (Kincolith)
Year History
1773 First European contact with Capt. George Vancouver
1831 Hudson Bay Co. post at Port Simpson
1835 Hudson Bay Co. post at Port Essington, soon suffered heavy losses from influx of gold miners
1862 Smallpox epidemic
1869 Signed "Sparrow Hawk treaty" which asserts Nisga'a control of Nass fishing rights
1877 First cannery erected on the Nass River
1885 Joined by 12 men and their families comprising the entire remaining Tsetsaut tribe
1955 Nisga'a Tribal Council formed
Year BC Population   Source
1700 1,600   NAHDB calculation
1800 1,600   NAHDB calculation
1835 1,615   Hudson Bay Company census
1900 850   NAHDB calculation
1904 842   Swanton
1906 814   Swanton
2000 6,000   NAHDB calculation
2005 6,200   Niskga'a Nation
Other speakers of the same language:
Nisga'a Tribe Sites:
Did You Know?
Gitxan Language
Gitxsan Linguistic Lineage
Kincolith Band
New Aiyansh Village Government
Nisga'a Nation
Nisga'a Nation
Nisga'a of the Nass River
Nisga'a People Welcome You
Nisga'a Timeline
Nisga'a Treaty
Niska Indians of Canada
Tsimshian, Gitsan & Niska
Tsimshian Legends

Last updated 11/06/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press