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Northern Paiute

 

Ethnie: PAIUTE, NORTHERN (PAVIOTSO, includes Mono)
Language: Western Numic
Family: Numic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Great Basin
Speakers 1,651 in US      1999 SIL
     The Northern Paiute were a hunter/gatherer dialectic division comprised of both semi-sedentary and nomadic tribes and family groups. They are closely related to the Bannock and the Lohim of Idaho and Oregon. They ranged over a wide area that included western Nevada, southeastern Oregon, and California east of the Sierra Nevadas except including the Yosemite Valley and as far south as Owens Lake. They were probably earlier driven from northeastern Oregon by Shahaptian tribes and the Cayuse. They had numerous conflicts with the Whites and imposed their power upon the Washoe.
Aboriginal Locations
Divisions:  CA 77, NV 33, OR 13
Present California Locations
BIG PINE RESERVATION, Big Pine
BIG SANDY RANCHERIA, Auberry
BISHOP RESERVATION, Bishop
BRIDGEPORT COLONY, Bridgeport
CEDARVILLE RANCHERIA, Cedarville
COLD SPRINGS RANCHERIA, Tollhouse
FORT BIDWELL RESERVATION, Fort Bidwell
NORTH FORK RANCHERIA, North Fork
SUSANVILLE RANCHERIA, Susanville
XL RANCH RESERVATION, Alturas
Present Nevada Locations
DUCK VALLEY RESERVATION, Owyhee (reaches into Idaho)
FALLON COLONY AND RESERVATION, Fallon
FORT MCDERMITT RESERVATION, McDermitt (reaches into Oregon)
PYRAMID LAKE RESERVATION, Nixon
RENO-SPARKS COLONY, Reno-Sparkes
SUMMIT LAKE PAIUTE TRIBE, Winnemucca
WALKER RIVER RESERVATION, Shurz
WINNEMUCCA RESERVATION, Winnemucca
YERINGTON COLONY AND RESERVATION, Campbell Ranch
Present Oregon Locations
BURNS PAIUTE RESERVATION, Burns
WARM SPRINGS RESERVATION, Warm Springs
Groups With Recognition Petitions Pending
AMERICAN INDIAN COUNCIL OF MARIPOSA COUNTY, (AKA YOSEMITE), Mariposa
ANTELOPE VALLEY PAIUTE TRIBE, Coleville
DUNLAP BAND OF MONO INDIANS, Dunlap
MONO LAKE INDIAN COMMUNITY, Lee Vining
NORTH FORK BAND OF MONO INDIANS, North Fork
WADATKUHT BAND OF NORTHERN PAIUTES OF HONEY LAKE VALLEY, Susanville
WASHOE/PAIUTE OF ANTELOPE VALLEY, Coleville
Year History
1825 May have been visited by Jedediah Smith or by Old Greenwood earlier
1826 Visited by Peter Skene Ogden in Oregon
1827 Jedediah Smith traversed territories from Mono Lake or Ebbett’s Pass CA to Salt Lake
1833 Joseph Reddeford Walker explored territories, killed 39 of ethnie in battle
1834 Visited by Russel
1841 Oregon-California Trail great immigration, clashes with Whites
1849 Gold rush into California and Nevada
1852 Lt. Moore discovered gold on Mono Basin
1860 Acquired arms, severe conflicts began, numerous military posts established; Pyramid Lake War
1866 Reservation created on Truckee River
1869 Completion of transcontinental railroad; Northern Paiute Prophet Wodziwob created first Ghost Dance rite as a result of visions
1889 Northern Paiute Messiah Wovoka introduced Ghost Dance
Year Total Population California Estimate Source
1700 8,000 2,500 NAHDB calculation
1800 8,000 2,500 NAHDB calculation
1845 7,500 Mooney estimate including Southern Paiute
1873 6,500 U. S. Indian Office
1900 5,500 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1903 5,400 U. S. Indian Office
1910 4,486 Census
1930 4,304 Census
1937 4,108 U.S. Indian Office
1950 4,400 BIA
1970 3,617 BIA
1989 3,080 BIA
1989 12,000 BIA
2000 13,250 3,500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Bannock, Lohim
Northern Paiute Sites
Big Pine Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/bigpine/index.htm
Bishop Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/bishop/index.htm
Burn Paiute Tribe  http://yosemite.epa.gov/R10/AIRPAGE.NSF/BD6B0D4B002FC05B88256AB000715627/1775FC3F107485D688256FD9005D0518?OpenDocument
Cedarville Rancheria  http://www.cedarvillerancheria.net/
Cedarville Rancheria Constitution  http://www.ntjrc.org/ccfolder/cedarvlconst.htm
Civil War in Oregon  http://bluebook.state.or.us/cultural/history/history16.htm
Cold Springs Rancheria Constitution and By-Laws  http://www.narf.org/nill/Constitutions/coldsprconst/coldsprconsttoc3.htm
Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs  http://www.warmsprings.com/
Crooks Canyon Recent Past  http://www.farwestern.com/crookscanyon/page04.htm
Duck Valley Indian Reservation  http://www.idahorcd.org/duckval.htm
The Eternal Bond:  The Pyramid Lake Paiute ...  http://www.jour.unr.edu/river/riv_miljan_paiute.html
Facts on Famous Indians of Nevada  http://dmla.clan.lib.nv.us/docs/kids/in-famous.htm
Fort Bidwell  http://www.militarymuseum.org/FtBidwell.html
Fort Bidwell Indian Reservation  http://www.scscertified.com/PDFS/forest_FortBidwellPS.pdf
Fort Bidwell Indian School  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/tf4p3005dx/
Fort Bidwell Indian School  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/tf909nb4qc/
Fort Independence Indian Community Articles of Association  http://www.narf.org/nill/Constitutions/fortindpconst/fi.htm
Fort Independence Reservation  http://www.fortindependence.com/
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Constitution  http://www.idahorcd.org/duckval.htm
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribe Corporate Charter  http://thorpe.ou.edu/IRA/pai-shochtr.html
Ghost Dance  http://religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/nrms/ghostdance.htm
Great Basin Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/great_basin_forager_culture.htm
Great Basin Post-Columbian History  http://www4.hmc.edu:8001/humanities/basin/gb-hist.htm
Indigenous Peoples  http://www.barker-river-trips.com/brt/indigenous.html
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument  http://www.nps.gov/joda/lee/lee1-2.htm
Lone Pine Paiute Shoshone Reservation  http://lppsr.org/
Lone Pine Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/lonepine/index.htm
Mary, mono of Yosemite Valley  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/tf6c60083c&brand=oac/
Mono Acorn Cache  http://gallery.unl.edu/picinfo/25283.html
Mono - Bannock Group - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/paiute.html
Mono Basin Paiutes Student project http://www.bonita.k12.ca.us/schools/sandimas/teachers/MONO/pages2000/Projects/NativeAmericans/index.htm
Mono Indian Baskets  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/monohome.html
Mono Lake Kutzadika Indian Community  http://www.monolake.org/newsletter/99fall/16.htm
Mono Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=MON
Mono Language  http://www.native-languages.org/mono.htm
Mono-Paviotso Language  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/shoshoni/monopaviotsoindianhist.htm
Northern Paiute  http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/oregon/paiute.html
Northern Paiute  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Northern-Paiute.html
Northern Paiute  http://ccrh.org/comm/river/profile/paiute.htm
Northern Paiute Bibliography  http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/cilc/bibs/npaiute.html
Northern Paiute Duck Decoys  http://www.unr.edu/nnap/NT/np-5.htm
Northern Paiute House  http://dmla.clan.lib.nv.us/docs/museums/reno/expeople/eth685.htm
Northern Paiute Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/paiute.htm
Northern Paiute Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=PAO
Northern Paiute Language Project  http://linguistics.berkeley.edu/~paiute/
Northern Paiute Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=PAO
Northern Paiute Singers  http://dmla.clan.lib.nv.us/docs/museums/reno/expeople/eth591.htm
Northern Paiute Subanalysis - Linguistics  http://www.conknet.com/~mmagnus/SSArticles/Arie2.html
North Fork Rancheria of Mono Indians  http://www.northforkrancheria.com/
Owens Valley Paiute  http://mojavedesert.net/owens-valley-paiute-indians/
Paiute  http://www.geocities.com/Athens/9479/paiute.html
Paiute  http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/cultural/northamerica/paiute.html
Paiute  http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/society/A0837312.html
Paiute  http://www.nativeamericans.com/Paiute.htm
Paiute Bottle Basket  http://www.usu.edu/anthro/museum/collections/1stcollections/collections_paiute_bottle_basket.html
Paiute Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/paiute/paiutehistory.htm
The Paiute People of the Great Desert  http://www.desertusa.com/ind1/du_peo_paiute.html
Paiute Indians - Ghost Dancers  http://www.crystalinks.com/paiute.html
Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation  http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1355
Paiute - Southeastern Oregon  http://www.chenowith.k12.or.us/tech/subject/social/natam_or/southeast.html
Paiute-Ute  http://www.geocities.com/Athens/9479/paiute.html
Park Field Notes Guide  http://www.library.unr.edu/specoll/mss/96-05.html
Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe  http://www.plpt.nsn.us/
Reno Sparks Indian Colony  http://www.rsic.org/
Sarah Winnemucca  http://www.unr.edu/wrc/nwhp/biograph/winnemucca.htm
Sarah Winnemucca  http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0900722.html
Sarah Winnemucca, Paiute Princess  http://www.edhelper.com/ReadingComprehension_Geography_177_1.html
Science, Indian Tribes Both Lay Claim to Spirit Cave Man  http://www.lvrj.com/lvrj_home/1997/Sep-01-Mon-1997/news/5968038.html
Shivwits Indian Reservation  http://www.lofthouse.com/USA/Utah/washington/shivwit.html
Sierra Mono Indian Museum  http://www.sierramonomuseum.org/
Spirit Cave and Kennewick  http://www.archaeology.org/online/news/kennewick5.html
Sugar and Salt  http://www.abotech.com/Articles/Campbell01.htm
Summit Lake Paiute Tribe  http://www.summitlaketribe.org/
Susanville Indian Rancheria Oridnances  http://www.tribalresourcecenter.org/ccfolder/susvilecodetoc.htm
Susanville Indian Reservation  http://sir-nsn.gov/
Walker River Reservation  http://www.sierraserviceproject.org/Walker%20River%20Site.htm
Walker River Reservation  http://dcnr.nv.gov/markers/mark_183.htm
Warm Springs Indian Museum  http://www.warmsprings.biz/museum/
Warm Springs Reservation  http://yosemite.epa.gov/R10/AIRPAGE.NSF/bd6b0d4b002fc05b88256ab000715627/23ffaa49f6e2402488256fef006682bb!OpenDocument
Western Mono Indians  http://www.sierrahistorical.org/archives/monoindians.html
Wovoka  http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0852765.html
Wovoka Jack Wilson  http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_names/wilson_wovoka_jack/wilson_wovoka_jack.html
Wovoka - Jack Wilson  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/s_z/wovoka.htm
Wovoka the Paiute Messiah  http://www.viewzone.com/wovoka.html
Yosemite Basketmakers: Miwok- Paiute Tradition  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/art/basket/yosemite.html

Last updated 08/02/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press