Pseudotsuga macrocarpa Pseudotsuga macrocarpa
Pseudotsuga macrocarpa File:Bigcone Douglas-fir at mtbaldy.jpg
Common Name Bigcone Spruce, Bigcone Douglas Fir
Latin Name Pseudotsuga macrocarpa
Family Pinaceae
Sunset zones / USDA zones 1-3,10,11,18,19 / 7-9b
Type / Form Tree / Large
Native Habitat Southern California from 1,500 to 6,000 feet
Soil Dry decomposed granite, sand, limestone, clay loam, low organic content, well drained
Exposure Full sun
Water None once established
Height X Width Maximum 20 feet X 40 feet, usual 40 feet X 60 feet
Protective Mechanism None
Leaves Green, short, evergreen
Flowers Cones
Bark / Roots  
Maintenance None
Propogation Seeds
Pests and diseases Insect larvae
Landscape uses Erosion control, low maintenance, background
Garden Suitability Songbird, Mountain, Thornless
Nature Value Seeds eaten by squirrels and strong beaked birds, cover for nesting birds
Native American Uses Acorns ground to make soup and flour for unleavened bread, bark used for black dye
Links  
    Images, and data http://www.conifers.org/pi/ps/macrocarpa.htm
    Images, and data http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Pinaceae/Pseudotsuga_macrocarpa.html
    Images and data http://watchingtheworldwakeup.blogspot.com/2008/07/piney-looking-trees-part-2-douglas-fir.html
    Images and data http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pseudotsuga_macrocarpa
    Images and data http://na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/pseudotsuga/macrocarpa.htm
    Images and data http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=6906
    Images and data http://www.calflora.net/specialpages/specialpages18.html
    Images and data http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Pinaceae/Pseudotsuga_macrocarpa.html
    Data http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/psemac/all.html
    Data http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=200005379
    Distribution and data http://www.na.fs.fed.us/SPFO/PUBS/SILVICS_MANUAL/Volume_1/pseudotsuga/macrocarpa.htm
   Nursery, images, and data http://www.laspilitas.com/plants/546.htm
Note: Moderate pollinator
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