File:Alderleaf Mountain Mahogany.jpg Leafy branches of Cercocarpus montanus, Lyman Lake State Park, Arizona. Habitat of Cercocarpus montanus, Lyman Lake State Park, Arizona.
Fruit detail of Cercocarpus montanus, Lyman Lake State Park, Arizona.
Common Name Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany, Alderleaf Mountain Mahogany, Hardtack, Mountain Ironwood, Sweet Brush
Latin Name Cercocarpus montanus
Family / Origin Rosaceae /
Sunset zones / USDA zones 6-24 / 8b-10 
Type / Form Shrub / Large
Native Habitat Dry slopes 3,000 to 8,000 feet in western U. S.
Soil Dry, decomposed granite, sand, clay loam low in organic content, well drained
Exposure Full sun
Water Once per month
Height X Width Maximum 20 feet X 5 feet, usual 12 feet X 4 feet
Protective Mechanism None
Leaves Almost evergreen, oval, birch-like
Flowers White to pink fragrant flowers, attractive leaves, inverse conical shape, gains personality with age, heat marginal
Bark / Roots Grayish brown and generally smooth, twigs slender, reddish brown and smooth, turning gray with age; many slender spur shoots / Extensive roots
Maintenance Little
Propagation Seeds, cuttings
Pests and Diseases None
Landscape uses Erosion control, low maintenance, background
Garden Suitability Thornless, Fragrant, Butterfly, Ethnobotanical
Nature Value Butterflies and bees use flowers, browsers eat limbs
Native American Uses Branches used to make digging sticks, awls, dice, and tools requiring hard wood, reddish brown dye made from bark
Links  
    Images and data http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=433
    Images and data http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/mountain_mahogany.htm
    Images and data http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/cermon/all.html
    Images and data http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cercocarpus_montanus
    Images and data http://www.forestryimages.org/browse/subimages.cfm?SUB=9870
    Images and data http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=1878
    Images and data http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/cerc-mon.htm
    Images and data http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CEMO2
    Images and data http://www.swcoloradowildflowers.com/Pink%20Enlarged%20Photo%20Pages/cercocarpus%20montanus.htm
    Images and data http://extension.usu.edu/range/Woody/birchleafmahog.htm
    Images and data http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Rosaceae/Cercocarpus_montanus.html
    Images and data http://www.nazflora.org/Cercocarpus_montanus.htm
    Images and data http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/100760/
    Data http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Cercocarpus+montanus
    Distribution http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CEMO2
    Nursery Oak Hills Nursery, 13874 Ranchero Road, Oak Hills, 92345, 760-947-6261
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