Photo of Ferocactus cylindraceus (Engelm.) Orcutt var. cylindraceus Photo of Ferocactus cylindraceus (Engelm.) Orcutt var. cylindraceus
Common Name California Barrel Cactus, Compass Barrel Cactus
Latin Name Ferocactus acanthodes
Family Cactaceae
Sunset zones / USDA zones 8-24 / 9-10
Type / Form Cactus / Medium
Native Habitat Below 5,000 feet in Chihuahuan, Sonoran, and Mojave Deserts with Saguaro or Joshua tree
Soil Dry decomposed granite, sand, limestone, low organic content, well drained
Exposure Full sun
Water None
Height X Width To 6 feet
Protective Mechanism Spines
Leaves None Evergreen
Flowers Yellow to orange to red flowers in late summer or early fall
Bark / Roots NA
Maintenance None
Propagation Seeds
Pests and Diseases None
Landscape uses Container, rock garden, low maintenance, specimen
Garden Suitability Sonoran, Ethnobotanical
Nature Value Fruits eaten by birds and some mammals
Native American Uses Flowers boiled and eaten, pulp made into candy, survival water source, spines used for needles, awls, tattooing, and land navigation (Cactus always leans southward towards sun)
Links  
    Images, and data http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/63231/
    Images, and data http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Cactaceae/Ferocactus_cylindraeus.html
    Images and data http://ag.arizona.edu/yuma/horticulture/moody_garden/garden_plant/barrel_cactus_ferocactus_echinocactus_acanthodes/barrel_cactus.htm
    Images, and data http://www.cactus-art.biz/schede/FEROCACTUS/Ferocactus_acanthoides/Ferocactus_acanthodes/Ferocactus_acanthodes.htm
    Images, and data http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=3573
    Images http://www.fotosearch.com/STK019/bsh1128/
    Nursery, images, and data http://www.laspilitas.com/plants/307.htm
    Nursery Oak Hills Nursery, 13874 Ranchero Road, Oak Hills, 92345, 760-947-6261
    Distribution map http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=3573
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