Fremontodendron californica, Fremontea
Fremontodendron californicum
Common Name California Fremontia, Flannelbush
Latin Name Fremontodendron californicum
Family / Origin Sterculiaceae /
Sunset zones / USDA zones 7-24 / 8-10
Type / Form Tree // Small to medium
Native Habitat Dry slopes from 3,000 to 6,000 feet
Soil Dry, decomposed granite, sand, clay loam low in organic content, well drained
Exposure Full sun
Water None to once per month in summer
Height X Width 12 feet X 15 feet
Protective Mechanism None
Leaves Green, deciduous
Flowers Very attractive, with 5 broad, yellow petal-like sepals, 1 to 2 inches across, appear on short shoots in spring and early summer, may flower throughout summer and into the fall
Bark / Roots Dark gray and becoming furrowed, with rounded, rough ridges. Inner bark is mucilaginous. Young twigs are yellowish brown and densely covered in wooly hairs, older twigs become smooth and gray-brown, numerous spur shoots, naked buds are small and densely hairy, leaf scar with one bundle scar. / Roots extensive but fragile.
Maintenance Little
Propagation Seed - pre-soak for 48 hours in warm water and then sow singly in pots in a cold frame in late winter. Variable germination. Grow the young plants on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in sandy soil in a frame. Cuttings of greenwood in spring in a frame
Pests and Diseases None
Landscape uses Erosion control, espalier, barrier, low maintenance,, background
Garden Suitability Thornless, Mountain, Fire Retardant, Ethnobotanical
Ornamental Value 1 to 2 inch yellow flowers in spring
Nature Value Bird habitat
Native American Uses Bark used for cordage and dye, medicinal
Links  
    Images and data http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/Syllabus2/factsheet.cfm?ID=512
    Images and data http://www.californiagardens.com/Plant_Pages/fremontodendron_californicum.htm
    Images and data http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Sterculiaceae/Fremontod_californicum.html
    Images and data http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=3618
    Images and data http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/Syllabus2/factsheet.cfm?ID=512
    Images and data http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/1715/
    Images and data http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fremontodendron_californicum
    Images and data http://www.californiagardens.com/Plant_Pages/fremontodendron_californicum.htm
    Images and data http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=frca6
    Images and data http://ucce.ucdavis.edu/datastore/datastoreview/showpage.cfm?usernumber=100&surveynumber=451
    Data http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Fremontodendron+californicum
    Data http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/frecal/all.html
    Distribution, images and data http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=FRCA6
    Nursery, images and data http://www.cnplx.info/nplx/species?taxon=Fremontodendron+californicum
    Nursery, images and data http://www.laspilitas.com/plants/317.htm
    Nursery Oak Hills Nursery, 13874 Ranchero Road, Oak Hills, 92345, 760-947-6261
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