Prunus ilicifolia, Holly Leafed Cherry
Common Name Hollyleaf cherry
Latin Name Prunus ilicifolia
Fanily / Origin Rosaceae / Channel Islannds
Sunset zone / USDA zone 7-9, 12-24 / 6-10
Type / Form Shrub or tree / Large shrub, small tree
Native Habitat Dry slopes of coastal mountain north to 5,000 feet
Soil Dry to moist, decomposed granite, sand, clay loam, limestone, low to some organic content, well drained
Exposure Full sun, north facing slope, some shade
Water Once to twice per month depending on soil in hot weather
Height X Width Slowly to 25 feet X 25 feet, usual 8 feet X 8 feet
Protective Mechanism Holly shaped leaves
Leaves Holly shaped, evergreen
Flowers White flower spikes in spring, bright red cherries in fall
Bark / Roots

Gray to red-brown, slender, somewhat angled, pronounced bitter almond odor and taste, pre-formed catkins present in leaf nodes / Red-brown to gray-brown, young branches with lenticels, bitter almond scent present when broken

Maintenance Fruit dropped
Propogation Seed
Pests and diseases None known
Landscape Uses Erosion control, low maintenance, fire retardant, background
Garden Suitability Songbird, Mountain, Fire Retardant, Ethnobotanical
Nature Value Fruits eaten by birds and animals
Native American Uses Fruits eaten raw, meat of seed leached, ground and baked to make pinole, sap used as sweetener
Comments Extremely attractive plant
Links  
    Nursery, images, and data http://www.laspilitas.com/plants/541.htm
    Images and data http://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/hollyleafcherry.html
    Images and data http://www.pechanga-nsn.gov/page?pageId=20
    Images and data http://www.wildscaping.com/tplants/plantprofiles/Prunus_ilicifolia.htm
    Images and data http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/dendrology/syllabus2/factsheet.cfm?ID=712
    Images and data http://www.smmtc.org/plantofthemonth/plant_of_the_month_200810_Holly_Leaf_Cherry.htm
    Images and data http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Rosaceae/Prunus_ilicifolia.html
    Images and data http://www.theodorepayne.org/mediawiki/index.php?title=Prunus_ilicifolia_ssp._ilicifolia
    Images and data http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=prill
    Images and data http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Rosaceae/Prunus_lyonii.html
    Images and data http://www.theodorepayne.org/mediawiki/index.php?title=Prunus_ilicifolia_var._ilicifolia
    Images and data http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/prunus_ilicifolia.shtml
    Data http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Prunus+lyonii
    Distribution map http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PRIL
    Nursery Oak Hills Nursery, 13874 Ranchero Road, Oak Hills, 92345, 760-947-6261
    Nursery http://www.smgrowers.com/products/plants/plantdisplay.asp?plant_id=1324
    Nursery http://www.cnplx.info/nplx/species?taxon=Prunus+ilicifolia
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