Arctostaphylos pungens - Bark - pointleaf manzanita Arctostaphylos pungens
Common Name Pointleaf Manzanita, Mexican Manzanita
Latin Name Arctostaphylos pungens
Native Habitat Southwest and Mexico from 2,700 feet to 8,000 feet
Family Ericaceae
Sunset zones / USDA zones   / 5-10 
Type / Form Tree / Small
Soil Dry, decomposed granite, acidic, sand, clay loam low in organic content, well drained
Water None to once per month for first year
Exposure Full sun
Height X Width Maximum 6 feet X 6 feet
Protective Mechanism None
Leaves Green, evergreen, point at sun
Flowers Monoecious; perfect, urn-shaped, 1/4 inch long, pinkish-white, occurring in tightly grouped hanging cluster at the ends of twigs in early spring. Small, 1/4 inch round, brick red, berry-like drupe that resemble a tiny apple, maturing in the summer and persistent.
Bark / Roots Commonly exfoliating to reveal a smooth, glossy, reddish brown, very attractive bark. Young twigs are yellow green and hairy, later they become dark red and smooth, buds are small and pointy.
Maintenance Low
Propagation Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe. Pre-soak dried seed in boiling water for 10 - 20 seconds or burn some straw on top of them and then stratify at 2 - 5c for 2 months. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 months at 15c. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings of side shoots of the current season's growth, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August to December in a frame. The cuttings are very slow and can take a year to root. Division in early spring. Take care because the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and keep them in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are growing away actively. Layering in spring.
Pests and diseases  
Landscape uses Erosion control, rock garden, low maintenance, background
Garden Suitability Thornless, Hummingbird, Songbird, Fire Retardant
Ornamental Value White to pink flowers in late winter to spring, red berries in summer
Nature Value Seeds and berries eaten by numerous birds and animals, hummingbirds use flowers
Native American Uses Refreshing drink made from berries
Links  
    Data and images http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/arcpun/all.html
    Data and images http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/99670/
    Data and images http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=602
    Data and images http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctostaphylos_pungens
    Data and images http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~plants-c/bio414/species%20pages/arctostaphylos%20pungens.htm
    Data and images http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ARPU5
    Data and images http://www.desertmuseumdigitallibrary.org/public/detail.php?id=ASDM09213&sp=Arctostaphylos%20pungens
    Data and images http://www.fireflyforest.com/flowers/165/arctostaphylos-pungens-pointleaf-manzanita/
    Data and images http://www.delange.org/ManzanitaPointleaf/ManzanitaPointleaf.htm
    Data and images http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Arctostaphylos+pungens
    Data and images http://www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/Syllabus2/factsheet.cfm?ID=612
    Data and images http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxon=1082
    Nursery, images and data http://www.laspilitas.com/plants/74.htm
    Distribution http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARPU5
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