A picture of a buffalo berry. File:SilverBuffaloberry-SK..jpg

Shepherdia argentea (Silver buffaloberry)

Common Name Silver buffaloberry, Bull berry, Thorny buffaloberry
Latin Name Shepherdia argentea
Family Elaeagnaceae
Sunset zones / USDA zones 1-3, 7, 10 / 2
Type / Form Shrub / Large
Native Habitat Great pains
Soil Dry, decomposed granite, sand, clay loam low in organic content, well drained
Water Twice per month during dry periods
Exposure Full sun
Height X Width 6 to 12 feet high and wide
Protective Mechanism Spine tipped branches
Leaves Elongated oval, silvery on both sides
Flowers Dioecious, silvery buds, orange-red fruit
Bark / Roots Brown / Spreading root system with rhizomes
Maintenance Low
Propagation Seed, cuttings, rhizomes
Pests and diseases  
Landscape uses Background, barrier, erosion control, hedge, low maintenance
Garden Suitability Songbird, Ethnobotanical
Nature Value Valuable forage species for mule deer, pronghorn, and grizzly bear. In the northern Great Basin, deer and elk browse silver buffalo berry.  In the northern Great Plains, the fruit of silver buffalo berry provides the best native winter food source for sharp-tailed grouse
Native American Uses The fruit may be eaten raw or dried for winter use.  The taste is sour and to some people bitter.  It may also be to make juice. Plains Indians and pioneers preserved the fruit of silver buffalo berry and made a sauce from the berries that was eaten with bison meat
Links  
    Images and data http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shepherdia_argentea
    Images and data http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/trees/handbook/th-3-5.pdf
    Images and data http://www.springvalleyroses.com/catalog/buffaloberry.html
    Images and data http://www.allaboutstuff.com/Garden_Tips/sub_Buffalo_Berry.asp
    Images and data http://www.old-picture.com/indians/Buffalo-Berry-Gatherers.htm
    Images and data http://www.forthall.net/plants/silver_buffaloberry_shepherdia_a.htm
    Images and data http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/shearg/all.html
    Images and data http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=shar
    Images and data http://www.swcoloradowildflowers.com/yellow%20enlarged%20photo%20pages/shepherdia%20argentea.htm
    Images and data http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=7541
    Images and data http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Shepherdia+argentea
    Data http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?3431,3434,3435
    Data http://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/pda_8ae8.html
    Nursery http://www.cnplx.info/nplx/species?taxon=Shepherdia+argentea
    Nursery Oak Hills Nursery, 13874 Ranchero Road, Oak Hills, 92345, 760-947-6261
    Distribution map http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SHAR