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Palouse

 

 

Ethnie: PALOUSE
Language: Nez Perce
Family: Shahaptin
Stock: Plateau Penutian
Phylum: Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern Plateau
Speakers 697    1990 Census (Total language)
     The Palouse were semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer tribes.  They acquired horses early.  They occupied the valley of the Palouse River and the Snake River in proximity to the Palouse.  Their range extended into Idaho.
     They traded with the first Whites but ultimately were considered to be renegades and had conflicts with a the later settlers.  They suffered huge losses to disease.  Though they were included in the 1855 Yakima Treaty, the treaty was never recognized by the tribe.  They have refused to live a reservation life.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
WA (5)
Oregon Present Locations
WA  
Year History
1700 Acquired horses
1760 Smallpox epidemic
1781 Smallpox epidemic
1805 Lewis and Clark passed through territory, aided by Nez Perce
1809 David Thompson established Kullyspell House trading post on Lake Pend d'Orielle
1810 David Thompson established Spokane House
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1836 Presbyterian mission established by Rev. Henry Spaulding near the mouth of Lapwai Creek
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1847 Measles epidemic; fought in Cayuse War against Whites
1855 Major Heller and 100 men routed in with a joint force of Yakimas, Columbias, Wanapams, Wallwallas, Palouse, and Spokanes ... "Toppenish Fight"; Yakima Treaty, tribe included in treaty but refused to recognize the document
1858 Took part in the Spokane/Coeur d'Alene War against Whites
Year  Population Source
1700 5,400 NAHDB calculation
1780 5,400 Mooney estimate
1800 2,000 NAHDB calculation
1805 1,600 Lewis and Clark
1854 500 Swanton
1900 100 NAHDB calculation 
1910 82 Census
2000 200 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Nez Perce, Wanapam
Palouse Sites:
Appaloosa  http://www.kersur.net/~santa/appaloosa.html
Appaloosa Breed Information  http://www.ahaa.ca/AppINFO.htm
Army Col. Wright Slaughters 800 Palouse Horses  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5142
Battle of Four Lakes  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5162
Col. Geo. Wright and Indian Wars  http://www.discovery-school.org/newsh2/sphhtml/colwright.html
Colville Tribes Represent Palouse  http://www.or.blm.gov/Spokane/planningdocs/escure/appendix%202.htm
Col. Wright Hangs Yakama and Palouse Prisoners ...  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5141
Kamiakin and the Yakima Indian War  http://members.aol.com/Gibson0817/ywar.htm
Lewis and Clark Visit Palouse  http://www.tomlaidlaw.com/crc/october/week2.html
Marmes Rock Shelter Key Site  http://www.kennewick-man.com/kman/series/story/3275027p-3304646c.html
Native Americans Rout US Army ...  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5162
Nez Perce Language  http://www.nezperce.com/npedu13-2a.html
Nez Perce Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=NEZ
Nez Perce Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=NEZ
Oregon Trail  http://linnhistory.peak.org/1853/1853immore.html
Palouse Narrative  http://www.google.com/search?q=palouse+indian+OR+tribe+OR+native+OR+language+OR+history+OR+basket&hl=en&lr=lang_en&as_qdr=all&start=20&sa=N
Treaty of Yakima - 1855  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5141
Whitman Massacre - 1847  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5192
Wolf Necklace - Palouse Chief  http://www.axel-jacob.de/chiefs8.html

Last updated 03/06/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press