FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Passamaquoddy

 

 

Ethnie: PASSAMAQUODDY
Language: Malecite-Passamaquoddy
Family: Eastern Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers 1,500 (1998 SIL)
      The Passamaquoddy were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They lived on Passamaquoddy Bay, the St. Croix River, and about the Schoodic Lakes in southeastern Maine. They have remained essentially in the same location since the European arrival. They, along with the Penobscot, have realized judicial and legislative successes in the twentieth century.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
ME       Calais, Innarkuan, Lewis Island, Sebaik
Present Locations
ME      Indian Township Reservation, Princeton
            Pleasant Point Reservation, Perry
Year History
1497 European fishing boats soon began fishing at Grand Bank off of the coast of Maine soon after the visit of Sebastian Cabot
1524 Giovanni da Verrazano also explored the area
1604 Met by Samuel de Champlain
1617 Pandemic resulting in 75% depopulation
1640 Beginning of Beaver Wars with Iroquois
1727 Dummer's War (1722-27), resulted in Abenaki refugees imerging nto the Penobscot and Passamaquoddy villages
1755 French and Indian War (1755-63)
1763 English claimed all Indian lands by "right of conquest"
1776 Fought on side of Americans in Revolutionary War
1794 Ceded large tracts of land
1798 Along with Penobscot, received three small reservation on recognition for their services
1820 Maine statehood
1823 Passamaquoddy and Penobscot were granted representation in the Maine legislature, but their representatives had no status except in matters concerning Native Americans
1980 Along with Penobscot, won judgment vs. Maine in Maine Indian Claims Settlement Act; received $81million for lands taken unfairly by settlers
Year Total ME Population Source
1600 2,000 NAHDB calculation
1700 150 NAHDB calculation
1726 150 Swanton
1800 150 NAHDB calculation
1804 130 Swanton
1825 379 Swanton
1900 400 NAHDB calculation 
1910 386 Census
1930 435 Census
1981 691 BIA
1989 1,497 BIA
2000 2,000 NAHDB calculation 
2005 1,356 Indian Township Reservation
2005 1,998 Pleasant Point Reservation
Other speakers of the same language:
Maliceet
Passamaquoddy Sites:
Constitution of the Sipayik Members of the Passamaquoddy Tribe  http://www.narf.org/nill/Constitutions/passconst/passconsttoc.htm
Indian Township Reservation  http://www.maine.gov/local/washington/indian_twp_res/
Malecite-Passamaquoddy Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=MAC
Malecite-Passamaquoddy Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_lang_family.asp?code=MAC
Papermaker Gives Island Back to Tribe  http://www.penobscotnation.org/articles/papermaker_gives_island_back_to_.htm
Passamaquoddy  http://www.native-languages.org/passamaquoddy.htm
Passamaquoddy  http://gizmo.sad4.com/~ebartley/NativeAmericans/passamaquoddy.html
Passamaquoddy Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t71
Passamaquoddy Flag  http://users.aol.com/donh523/navapage/pass.htm
Passamaquoddy History  http://www2.marianopolis.edu/quebechistory/encyclopedia/Passamaquoddy-IndianHistory.htm
Passamaquoddy Indian Fact Sheet  http://www.geocities.com/bigorrin/passamaquoddy_kids.htm
Passamaquoddy Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/abenaki/passamaquoddyhist.htm
Passamaquoddy Indian Tribe of New Brunswick  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article898.html
Passamaquoddy Language  http://www.native-languages.org/passamaquoddy.htm
Passamaquoddy Links  http://www.rootsweb.com/~vermont/PASSAMAQUODDYlinks.html
Passamaquoddy Literature  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/passquat.htm
Passamaquoddy Origins  http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/9118/pass.html
Passamaquoddy Tribe  http://www.quoddyloop.com/pssmqddy.htm
Passamaquoddy Tribe at Pleasant Point  http://www.wabanaki.com/
Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine  http://www.passamaquoddy.com/
Perry and Sipayik:  Pleasant Point Passamaquoddy Reservation  http://www.quoddyloop.com/pe.shtml
Sipayik.com  http://www.sipayik.com/
St. Andrew Officials Illegally Seize Passamaquoddy Land  http://www.sipayik.com/sacred_site.htm

Last updated 09/22//05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press