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Pecos Pueblos

 

 

Ethnie: PECOS PUEBLOS
Language: Towa
Family: Towa
Stock: Kiowa-Towa
Phylum: Kiowa Tamoan
Macro-Culture: Southwestern
Speakers 0
      The Pecos Pueblos were a sedentary agricultural culture of the greater Pueblo culture.  They were located on an upper branch of the Pecos River, about 30 miles southeast of Santa Fe.  They were early victims of the Spanish conquest and, being the easternmost of Pueblo tribes, they were easily preyed upon by the Navajos, Apaches, Comanches, and Utes.  They confederated into the Jemez Pueblo as refugees in 1838 with whom they are now enumerated.
Aboriginal Locations
NM  5 villages
Arizona Present Locations
AZ:  Jemez Pueblo, Jemez
Year History
1528 Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca was told of rich agricultural pueblos north of Texas along the Rio Grande and he specifically new of the Pecos Pueblos
1539 After viewing a Zuni pueblo from an distance, Fray Marcos de Niza started the Seven Cities of Cibola rumor
1540 Coronado set out to conquer Cibola with 300 men, 1,000 horses, 6 friars
1573 Royal Ordinance of King Phillip II protected Indians from conquest
1581 Father Augustin Rodriquez led a party of nine up the Rio Grande
1582 Antonio de Espejo  expedition to rescue friars prospected westward after learning of their death
1598 Juan de Onate led 400 soldiers, friars, colonists; forced Pueblos to swear vassalage to Spain, declared the region a Franciscan missionary province which he divided into seven districts
1607 Onate removed from governorship
1609 New governor Pedro de Peralta founded Santa Fe, built palace with Pueblo labor, disregarded protection laws
1628 Numerous churches built, 30 friars added, native religions banned
1640 Severe drought, thousands died
1663 Severe drought for several years, thousands died
1680 Pueblo Revolt against Spanish led by San Juan Tewa Pope, 500 Spanish slaughtered in siege of Santa Fe
1694 Spanish attack under Vargas killed 84, 361 prisoners removed to Santa Fe, reconquest destroyed Patoqua, Jemez reoccupied Gyuiswa
1700 Comanche and Ute raids began
1720 Trade fairs began with nomadic tribes and prosperity resulted
1777 Gov. Juan Bautista de Anza arranged peace between Pueblos and all nomadic tribes except Apache
1782 Pecos mission abandoned, becoming a visita of Santa Fe, almost entire tribe killed by Comanche and by an academic
1821 Mexican Independence, violence fanned by Mexican slaving raids
1823 Capitalizing on disorganized Mexican rule, start of 20 years of slaving and scalping by Navajo, Ute, Apache, and Comanche
1837 Small tax revolt quelled
1838 Last Pecos Pueblo abandoned, survivors confederated into Jemez
1863 Kit Carson began Navajo roundup, some starvation due to crop failure, continued Mexican slaving
Year U.S. Population Source
1630 2,000 Fray Alonzo de Benevides
1680 2,000 Fray Augustin de Vetancurt
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1706 1,000 Fray Juan Alvarez
1752 318 New Mexico Census
1797 189 Fray Francisco de Hezio
1800 100 NAHDB calculation
1806 104 Gov. Alencaster
1838 17 Last remnants joined Jemez
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Jemez Pueblos
 Pecos Sites:
Ancient Native American Remains ...  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0011/feature7/
Anthropology Rules!  http://www.texasindians.com/me.htm
Black Eagle Pueblo of Jemez  http://www.blackeagle1989.com/page3.html
Bow and Arrow Dance of Jemez  http://www.inquiry.net/outdoor/native/dance/bow_arrow.htm
Ceremonies  http://www.peabody.harvard.edu/katsina/ceremonies.html
Drowning of Pecos  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/sw/pifs/pifs24.htm
History of the Jemez Springs Bath House  http://www.jemezspringsbathhouse.com/history.htm
Hope (Jemez) 1925 Photo  http://www.ushistoricalarchive.com/indians/photos/ct16030.html
Jemez and Acoma Art  http://4peaksgallery.com/pottery_acoma.htm
Jemez Basket  http://www.adobegallery.com/origin.php?origin_id=13&cat_id=all
Jemez Clown Mask  http://www.sfaol.com/store/masks.html
Jemez Indian Reservation  http://www.brainygeography.com/features/NM.reserve/jemezindianreservation.html
Jemez Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/keresan/jemezindianhist.htm
Jemez Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=TOW
Jemez Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=TOW
Jemez Miniature Pottery  http://www.tribalcollectors.com/11_2004/glendora.htm
Jemez Pottery  http://www.homeandaway.biz/Small_Mary_1.htm
Jemez Pottery  http://www.clayhound.us/gallery/81.htm
Jemez Pottery  http://www.nativeartstrading.co.uk/Lorraine%20Chinana%20Jemez.htm
Jemez Pottery  http://www.art-legends.com/Jemez.html
Jemez Pottery  http://www.oldterritorialshop.com/items/376587/item376587store.html
Jemez Pottery  http://www.silvermoontraders.com/pottery03.html
Jemez Pottery  http://www.navajorugsindianbaskets.com/html/artistresults.asp?artist=229
Jemez Pottery  http://www.finepueblopottery.com/AJemez.htm
Jemez Pottery  http://www.easterncowboys.com/pottery/jemez.htm
Jemez Pottery, circa 1946  http://www.rubylane.com/shops/reu/item/122
Jemez Pottery, Rediscovering the Clay  http://userpages.umbc.edu/~rkratz2/Jemez_Pottery_A.html
Jemez Pottery, Red Melon Pot  http://www.heartlinesjewelry.com/Pottery%20-%20Jemez%20Red%20Melon%20Pot.htm
Jemez Pottery Snake  http://www.tribalworks.com/PD48_Mary_Small_Jemez_Snake_Pot.htm
Jemez Pottery Storyteller  http://www.southwestartcollection.com/s5025.htm
Jemez Pottery Tradition  http://www.jemezpueblo.org/pottery.htm
Jemez Pottery Vessels  http://www.liveauctioneers.com/auctions/ebay/786932.html
Jemez Pueblo Drummers Make History  http://www.freenewmexican.com/news/10443.html
Jemez Pueblo  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08332b.htm
Jemez Pueblo  http://www.nmmagazine.com/NMGUIDE/jemez.html
Jemez Pueblo  http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=17870
Jemez Pueblo Items  http://www.adobegallery.com/origin.php?origin_id=13&cat_id=0
Jemez Pueblo Photos  http://www.newmexicoet.com/jemez_pueblo_photos.htm
Jemez Pueblo Pottery  http://santafebaskets.com/pt05.html
Jemez Pueblo Pottery  http://www.pueblopottery.net/Yepa.htm
Jemez Pueblo (Walatowa)  http://www.nativeart.net/tribejemez.shtml
Jemez Pueblo Wala-towa
Jemez Seed Pot  http://www.southwestriches.com/reservation/res_jemez.cfm
Jemez Storyteller  http://www.smithsonianstore.com/product_detail.asp?style=73553&catid=2907&dptid=2900
Kwastiyukwa Pueblo  http://www.dennisrhollowayarchitect.com/html/Kwastiyukwa.html
Kachinas  http://www.nativeamericanlinks.com/kachina/kachina.htm
Kokopelli ...  http://jewelry.crystals2.com/kokopeli.htm
Peabody Returns Remains to Pecos Pueblo  http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/1999/05.20/indian.remains.html
Pecos National Monument History  http://www.huntel.com/~artpike/peco2.htm
Pecos  http://www.callalillie.com/archives/2004/06/pecos.html
Pecos Pueblo  http://www.dennisrhollowayarchitect.com/html/PecosPueblo1.html
Pecos Pueblo:  Where Cultures Meet  http://www.oah.org/pubs/magazine/spanishfrontier/levine.html
Pecos Ruins Span Centuries  http://www.abqjournal.com/venue/travel/157798traffic03-28-04.htm
Pecos Story, A  http://www.freenewmexican.com/sfguide/695.html
Pueblo Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/pueblo_culture.htm
Santa Ana and Jemez River - 1925 Photo  http://www.ushistoricalarchive.com/indians/photos/ct16026.html
Thousands of Indian Skeletons Returned  http://www.southcoasttoday.com/daily/05-99/05-19-99/a03sr019.htm
Towa Language (Jemez)  http://www.native-languages.org/towa.htm
Towa Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=179
Walatowa Visitor Center  http://www.jemezpueblo.org/
Wall, Adrian  http://www.nativeart.net/artist.php?ucode=yucbnp

Last updated 03/14/05   Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press