FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Pomo

 

Ethnie: POMO
Language: Pomoan
Family: Pomoan
Stock: Western Hokan
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Central California
Speakers 100      1977 Voegelin & Voegelin
     The Pomo were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherer language group and culture. They lived along the Northern California coast from Cleone to Duncans Point, and inland as far as Clear Lake. An additional detached group lived on Stony Creek. They experienced Russian occupation and suffered from Spanish missionization, Mexican depredations, and the gold rush era settlers.
Aboriginal Locations
Divisions (villages):  Central Pomo (12), Eastern Pomo (6), Northeastern or Salt Pomo (3), Northern Pomo (32), Southeastern Pomo (3), Southern Pomo or Gallinomero (11), Southwestern or Gualala Pomo (8)
Present Locations
BIG VALLEY RANCHERIA, Finley
CLOVERDALE RANCHERIA, Cloverdale
COYOTE VALLEY RESERVATION, Redwood Valley
DRY CREEK RANCHERIA, Geyserville
ELEM INDIAN COLONY, Clearlake
HOPLAND RANCHERIA, Hopland
LYTTON RANCHERIA, Santa Rosa
MANCHESTER-POINT ARENA RANCHERIA, Manchester
MIDDLETOWN RANCHERIA, Middletown
NORTHERN POMO TRIBE, Lake County
NORTHERN POMO TRIBE, Mendocino County
PINOLVILLE RANCHERIA, Ukiah
REDWOOD VALLEY RANCHERIA, Redwood Valley
ROBINSON RANCHERIA, Nice
POMO TRIBE, Sonoma County
ROUND VALLEY RESERVATION, Covelo
SHERWOOD VALLEY RANCHERIA, Ukiah
STEWARTS POINT RANCHERIA, Stewarts Point
SULPHUR BANK RANCHERIA, Clearlake Oaks
UPPER LAKE RANCHERIA, Upper Lake
Year History
1809 Russians began exploitation of Pomo
1821 Large numbers indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1830 Internal feud over salt, several killed
1833 Massacre of 21 Pomos by Father Mercado
1836 Large number taken as slaves
1838 Smallpox epidemic
1841 Russians removed from their territory when otter were hunted out
1849 Gold rush influx of Whites
1850 Capt. N. Lyon slaughtered 60 Pomo at Clear Lake, 75 at Russian River
1862 Squatters at Round Valley massacred 45
1871 Episcopal mission at Round Valley, began practice of Ghost Dance
Year Population Source
1700 8,000 NAHDB calculation
1770 8,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 8,000 NAHDB calculation
1848 5,000 Cook estimate
1852 4,200 Cook estimate
1880 1,542 Cook estmimate
1900 1,300 NAHDB calculation
1910 1,200 Kroeber estimate
1930 1,143 Census
1963 1,033 BIA
1989 2,195 BIA
2000 2,400 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Pomo Sites
Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians  http://www.big-valley.net/
Susan Billy  http://www.covelo.net/artists/bios_artists/Billy_Susan.shtml
Black Bart Casino  http://www.blackbartcasino.com/
California Basketry Plants  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/art/basket/baskcalif.html
California Pomo - Tribal Information  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/ca/pomopage.html
Central California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/central_california_culture.htm
Cloverdale Pomos and Tomales Bay Miwoks  http://nativenet.uthscsa.edu/archive/nl/9204/0118.html
Cooking Acorns - Lake Pomo  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/COOKIN1.html
Coyote Valley Shodakai Casino  http://www.coyotevalleycasino.com/
Dry Creek Band of Pomo Indians  http://www.drycreekrancheria.com/cgi-bin/default.asp
Eastern Pomo Woman  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/EASTER1.html
Elem Nation  http://www.elemnation.com/
Elsie Allen's Page  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/art/basket/elsieall.html
Gold, Greed, and Genocide:  The Pomo and Paiute  http://www.1849.org/ggg/pomo.html
Hopland Band of Pomo Indians  http://www.hoplandtribe.com/
Grace Hudson Museum  http://www.gracehudsonmuseum.org/museum.html
Frances Jack  http://www.terralingua.org/StoryJack.html
Kashaya Oral History Project  http://www.nativeland.org/kashaya2.html
Lake Pomo - Fishing Camp  http://www.fluryco.com/galleries/ca14.htm
Lake Sonoma Dam Drowns Basket Plants  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/art/basket/warmdam.html
NMAI Pomo Baskets    http://www.inct.net/~actuary/nmai_baskets.htm
Pattie "Buffalo Woman" Mix  http://www.portalmarket.com/buffalowoman2.html
Pinoleville Rancheria History  http://www.mecgrassroots.org/NEWSL/ISS06/06.14pinoleville.html
Pomo  http://www.beloit.edu/~museum/logan/catalog/namerica/california/pomo/
Pomo  http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/pomo.html
Pomo  http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/cultural/northamerica/pomo.html
Pomo  Student Project  http://www.megapathdsl.net/~ccirino/hvc/webpages/lafaille/pomo.html
Pomo Lifeways  http://www.sacredsonoma.com/chapter2-2.html
Pomo - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/pomo.html
The Pomo  http://www.californiahistory.net/2_natives/pomo.htm
The Pomo 3rd Grade Student Project  http://www.sowashco.k12.mn.us/ro/teachers/lewis/native/sarah-na.htm
Pomo Art Market  http://www.artnet.com/magazine_pre2000/features/karlins/karlins5-21-99.asp
Pomo Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t77
Pomo Basketry  http://www.santarosa.edu/museum/pomo.htm
Pomo Baskets  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/pomohome.html
Pomo (California)  http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~rwj1/pom.html
Pomo Cosmology  http://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=23014
Pomo Dance Costume  http://www.afterimagegallery.com/curtis13.htm
Pomo Indian Baskets ...  http://www.potters.org/subject26707.htm
Pomo Indian Basket Weavers ...  http://www.museum.upenn.edu/new/exhibits/galleries/stuff/pomobasket.html
Pomo Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/pomo.htm
The Pomo Indians Student Project  http://www.mcps.k12.md.us/schools/travilahes/stwork03/writing/Pomo.pdf
Pomo Indians of California  Book review  http://www.naturegraph.com/indian/in-gen/Pomo_Ind.html
The Pomo Indians  http://www.gualala.com/history/pomo.htm
Pomo Religion and Expressive Culture  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Pomo-Religion-and-Expressive-Culture.html
Pomo Indian Style Canoe Basket Kit http://www.wildwoodscraftkits.com/pbk.html
Pomo Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/pomo/pomoindianhist.htm
Pomo Language, Central  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=POO
Pomo Language, Eastern  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=PEB
Pomo Language Family Tree  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=92486
Pomo Language, Kashaya  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=KJU
Pomo Language, Northeastern  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=PEF
Pomo Language, Northern  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=PEJ
Pomo Language, Southern  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=PEQ
The Pomo Nation Student Project  http://warriors.warren.k12.il.us/dmann/pomo.html
Pomo Netting  http://www.primitiveways.com/pomo_netting.html
Pomo of Upper Lake  http://www.upperlakepomo.com/
The Pomo Tribe Student Project  http://web.mit.edu/6a26/www/archives/people/tluo/project/BridgeSchool/Pomo/Pomo.html
Pomo Tule Doll  http://www.primitiveways.com/tule_doll.html
Robinson Rancheria  http://www.robinsonrancheria.org/
Robinson Rancheria    http://home.inreach.com/precious/ana/mainmenu2.html
Round Valley Indian Tribes  http://www.covelo.net/tribes/pages/tribes.shtml
Twin Pine Casino  http://www.twinpine.com/
When the Fire Dims  http://www.newday.com/films/WhentheFireDims.html

Last updated 08/11/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press