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Potano

 

 

Ethnie: POTANO
Language; Timucua Taino
Family: Northern Maipuran
Stock: Maipuran
Phylum: Arawakan
Macro-Culture: Florida
Speakers Extinct
      The Potano were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They were aboriginally located in the area around present Gainesville, Florida. The tribe was destroyed by war and pestilence in the seventeenth century.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
FL    Cholupaha, Itaraholata or Ytara, Mala-Paz, Potano, Utinamocharra or Utinama
Present Locations
Extinct
Year History
1539 Probably visited by De Soto
1564 Lost war with Utina who were aided by French
1584 Repulsed invasion by Spanish killing a captain, but severely were defeated in a second invasion and driven from town
1601 Asked for and received permission to return home
1606 Mission San Francisco de Potano established
1656 Took part in the Timucuan uprising
1672 Many died of pestilence
1688 Name of chief of Potano does not appear as signatory on letter to Charles II, tribe either extinct or near extinction
Year Total FL Population   Source
1650 3,000   Mooney estimate
1675 160   Swanton
1700 0   NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0   NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Mococo, Osochi, Pohoy, Saturiwa, Tacatacuru, Tawasa, Timacua, Yustaga
Potano Sites:
500 Year of Baker County  http://rootsweb.com/~flbaker/500yr.html
Archer History  http://www.afn.org/~archer/arch011.htm
Brief History of the Timucua Taino of Northern Florida  http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/41/265.html
DeSoto's Florida Trails  http://www.floridahistory.com/inset5.html
Florida Archeological Collections  http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/flarch/collections.htm
Florida Indian Tribes  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/florida/
Linguists Research Timucua, a Language with No Speakers  http://www.wm.edu/news/?id=5291
Meglodon Curse  http://www.lostgeneration.com/contest4.htm
Taino Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=90537
Taino Timucua Tribe  http://www.hartford-hwp.com/Timucua/
Timucua  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timucua
Timucua  http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/t/ti/timucua.htm
Timucua Indian Coloring Pages  http://pelotes.jea.com/incolor3.htm
Timucua Indians  http://www.nps.gov/timu/indepth/foca/foca_timucua.htm
Timucua Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14733a.htm
Timucua Indians - After the Europeans Came  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article1109.html
Timucua Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/timucua/timucuaindianhist.htm
Timucua Language   http://www.native-languages.org/timucua.htm

Last updated 10/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press