FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Puyallup

 

 

Ethnie: PUYALLUP
Language: Lushootseed
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 60   1990 M. D. Kincade (total language)
     The Puyallup were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  They were located about the south end of Puget Sound at the mouth of the Puyallup River and along the neighboring coast including Carr Inlet and the southern portion of Vachon Island.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (12)
Present Locations
WA  Puyallup Reservation, Puyallup
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 Visited by Mears
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1843 Hudson Bay Company founded Victoria
1854 Treaty of Medicine Creek
1855 War with White settlers
1870 Smallpox epidemic
Year  Population Source
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation 
1800 700 NAHDB calculation
1900 400 NAHDB calculation
1910 322 US Indian Office
2000 2,600 IHS
2000 2,600 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Duwamosh, Muckleshoot, Nisqually, Sahewamish, Snoqualmie, Suquamish
Puyallup Sites:
Brown's Point History  http://www.pointsnortheast.org/browns.html
Emerald Queen Casino  http://www.emeraldqueen.com/index.aspx
Indian War of 1855  http://www.daffodilvalleytimes.com/history/indian_war.html
Lushootseed Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=LUT
Lushootseed Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=LUT
Medicine Creek Treaty  http://www.eptha.com/history.html
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_coastal_culture.htm
Puyallup History  http://www.daffodilvalleytimes.com/puyallup/history.html
Puyallup Indian Tribe  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1563.html
Puyallup Tribal Profile  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Washington/Puyallup%20Tribal%20Profile.htm
Puyallup Tribe of Indians  http://www2.ihs.gov/PortlandAO/about/puyallup.asp
Treaty of Medicine Creek  ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/wa/indians/treaties/medcreek.txt

Last updated 02/28/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press