Language: Lushootseed
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 60   1990 M. D. Kincade (total language)
     The Puyallup were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  They were located about the south end of Puget Sound at the mouth of the Puyallup River and along the neighboring coast including Carr Inlet and the southern portion of Vachon Island.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (12)
Present Locations
WA  Puyallup Reservation, Puyallup
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 Visited by Mears
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1843 Hudson Bay Company founded Victoria
1854 Treaty of Medicine Creek
1855 War with White settlers
1870 Smallpox epidemic
Year  Population Source
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation 
1800 700 NAHDB calculation
1900 400 NAHDB calculation
1910 322 US Indian Office
2000 2,600 IHS
2000 2,600 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Duwamosh, Muckleshoot, Nisqually, Sahewamish, Snoqualmie, Suquamish
Puyallup Sites:
Brown's Point History
Emerald Queen Casino
Indian War of 1855
Lushootseed Language
Lushootseed Linguistic Lineage
Medicine Creek Treaty
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany
Puyallup History
Puyallup Indian Tribe
Puyallup Tribal Profile
Puyallup Tribe of Indians
Treaty of Medicine Creek

Last updated 02/28/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press