FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Quinault

 

 

Ethnie: QUINAULT
Language: Quinault
Family: Maritime Tsamosan
Stock: Tsamosan
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 6 or fewer    1990
   The Quinault were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  The tribe that lived along the Quinault and Queets River and the Washington coast from Raft River to Joe Creek.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  Calashocle (1), Queets (1), Quinault (38)
Present Locations
WA  Queets Band of Quinault Indians, Queets
         Quinault Reservation, Taholah
         Shoalwater Reservation, Tokeland
Year History
1775 Bruno de Hezeta and Juan Francisco Bodega y Quadra killed by trieb while trying to retrieve firewood and water, longboat torn apart for steel fittings
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 Visited by Mears
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark
1811 Astoria founded
1824 Visited by John Worth from an inland route, smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic
1830 Malaria and flu epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1856 Quinault Treaty
1873 Reservation expanded to 200,000 acres
Year  Population Source
1700 1,200 NAHDB calculation 
1800 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1805 1,000 Lewis and Clark
1900 1,220 NAHDB calculation
1937 1,228 US Indian Office
1981 2,013 BIA
1989 2,394 BIA
2000 2,400 NAHDB calculation
2002 2,453 IHC
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Quinault Sites:
Indian Country  http://fp1.centurytel.net/rainforesthostel/rainforest_thoughts.htm
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_coastal_culture.htm
Paddle to Quinault ...  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues02/Co08102002/CO_08102002_Paddle.htm
Quinault Indian Nation  http://www.ghedc.com/downloads/QuinaultCEDS0304.pdf
Quinault Indian Nation  http://www.ghcog.org/members/quinpage.htm
Quinault Indian Nation  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1566.html
Quinault Indian Nation  http://www2.ihs.gov/PortlandAO/about/quinault.asp
Quinault Indian Nation  http://209.206.175.157/contactus.htm
Quinault Indian Nation Canoe Club  http://www.geocities.com/Pipeline/Halfpipe/5249/index.html
Quinault Langauge  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=QUN
Quinault Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=QUN
Quinault Nation  http://www.goia.wa.gov/Tribal-Information/Tribes/quinault.htm
Quinault Quest  http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/getaways/032599/quin25.html
Quinault Reservation History  http://www.vanmechelen.net/quinres.html
Quinault Tribal Profile  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Washington/Quinault%20Indian%20Nation%20Tribal%20Profile.htm
Quinault Treaty  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=2633
Spanish Exploration:  Hezeta and Bodega ...  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5688
Warrior at Heart  http://community.gospelcom.net/Brix?pageID=3744

Last updated 03/08/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press