FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Sahewamish

 

 

Ethnie: SAHEWAMISH
Language: Lushootseed
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 60   1990 M. D. Kincade (total language)
   The Sahewamish were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  They were located on the southwester inlets of Puget Sound from about the Nisqually to present Shelton.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (6)
Present Locations
WA  Nisqually Reservation, Yelm
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 Visited by Mears
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1824 Treaty of Medicine Creek
Year  Population Source
1700 1,200 NAHDB calculation 
1780 1,200 Mooney estimate
1800 1,200 NAHDB calculation
1900 800 NAHDB calculation
1907 780 Mooney estimate
2000 2,000 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Duwamish, Suquamiish
Duwamish Sites:
Black River Disappears in July 1916  http://historylink.org/_output.CFM?file_ID=2624
Lushootseed Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=LUT
Lushootseed Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=LUT
Lushootseed, Puget Salish  http://www.languagegeek.com/salishan/lushootseed.html
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_coastal_culture.htm
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5230

Last updated 02/28/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press