FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Salinan

 

Ethnie: SALINAN
Language: Salinan
Family: Salinan
Stock: Salinan-Seri
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Transitional:  Central California, Southern California
Speakers None      
     The Salinan were a semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer language group and culture. They ranged from the headwaters of the Salinas River, or perhaps only from the vicinity of the Santa Margarita Divide, north to Santa Margarita Peak, and an unknown point in the valley somewhere south of Soledad; and from the coast somewhere from about Point Sur south to some point above Morro Bay. They were all but destroyed by missionization and the influx of settlers after the gold rush. A few mixed blood remnants survive today.  The Salinan language is closely related to the Seri language coastal Sonora, Mexico.
Aboriginal Locations
Divisions (villages):  Playano (4), San Antonio (9), San Miguel (4)
Present Locations
Extinct as a culture.  Survivors absorbed into local culture
Groups With Recognition Petitions Pending
SALINAN NATION, San Jose
SALINAN TRIBE OF MONTEREY COUNTY, Concord
Year History
1542 Coast explored by Cabrillo who reported area uninhabited
1602 Viscaino may have met a few of the tribe in rush canoes
1769 Portola visited area, counted 1,050 along route, did not meet entire tribe
1770 Mission founded at Soledad
1771 Mission San Antonio de Padua established; maximum tribal population 1,124
1797 Mission San Miguel Arcangel established
1802 Pneumonia and diphtheria epidemics
1806 Measles epidemic
1821 Large number indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1831 Datura cult active
1850 Influx of settlers
Year Population Source
1700 2,000 NAHDB calculation
1769 1,050 Portola (incomplete census)
1770 2,000 Kroeber estimate
1771 1,124 Mission San Antonia de Padua
1800 1,800 NAHDB calculation
1831 700 Cook estimate
1880 12 Henshaw estimate
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
1910 16 Census
1930 0 Census
2000 50 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Salinan Sites
Headless Lady of Jolon  http://www.pelicannetwork.net/salinan.headless.htm
Mission San Antonio de Padua  http://missiontour.org/sanantonio/history.htm
Navy Bombing Proposed for Salinan Territory  http://www.pelicannetwork.net/bomb.salinan.story.htm
Salinan Family  http://www.nanations.com/linguistic/salinan_family.htm
Salinan Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/salinan.htm
Salinan Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=SAL
Salinans  http://www.pelicannetwork.net/salinan.htm
Salinan-Seri Language Family Tree  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_lang_family.asp?code=SEI
Salinan - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/salinan.html
Salinan Indians of California  Book review  http://www.naturegraph.com/indian/in-gen/Salinan.html
Salinan Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/salinanindianhist.htm
Salinan People  http://www.missionsanmiguel.org/history/salinans.html
San Antonio de Padua Mission    http://www.geocities.com:0080/Athens/1051/San_Antonio.htm
San Miguel Arcangel  http://www.notfrisco.com/almanac/kroeber01/smiguel.html
To a God Unknown Book outline  http://www.ac.wwu.edu/~stephan/Steinbeck/unknown.html

Last updated 08/20/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press