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Samish

 

 

Ethnie: SAMISH
Language: Salish-Straits
Family: Straits
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 60   1990 M. D. Kincade (total language)
     The Lummi were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  The tribe lived on Samish Bay, Samish Island, Guemes Island, and the northwest portion of Fidalgo Island..  They were known to frequent a group of islands east of Vancouver Island.  They suffered from the White influx.  Subsequent to 1855, the Samish tribe is included in Lummi population numbers.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (6)
Present Locations
WA  Lummi Reservation, Bellingham
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 Visited by Mears
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1850 Christianized by Rev. Casimir Chirouse
1855 Treaty of Point Elliot
Year  Population Source
1700 200 NAHDB calculation 
1780 200 NAHDB estimate based on Mooney estimate
1800 200 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Enumerated with Lummi)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Lummi, Semiahmoo, Songish
Lummi Sites:
Boarding Schools Stripped Indians' Culture  http://news.bellinghamherald.com/special-pub/centennial/160542.shtml
Coast Salish Bibliography  http://home.istar.ca/~bthom/salish-rev.htm
Lhaq'temish: People of the Sea  http://www.lummi-nsn.org/
Lummi and Nooksack Tribes  http://www.library.wwu.edu/ref/subjguides/natam2.html
Lummi Education  http://news.bellinghamherald.com/photobook/lummi/
Lummi Healing Poles  http://www.lummihealingpole.org/Press1.htm
Lummi Indian Nation  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1556.html
Lummi Indian Nation  http://www.lwvwa.org/bellingham/try/lummination.htm
Lummi Indian Tribe and Life with Salmon  http://www.sustainable.org/casestudies/washington/WA_af_lummi.html
Lummi Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09431a.htm
Lummi Indians and Salmon  http://gurukul.ucc.american.edu/ted/lummi.htm
Lummi Nation  http://www.northregionems.com/native/Lummi%20Nation.htm
Lummi National Profile  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Washington/Lummi%20NationTribal%20Profile.htm
Lummi Place Premium on Recovering Language  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co06022001/CO_06022001_Lummi_Language.htm
Lummi School Sees Big Changes  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co09082001/CO_09082001_Lummi.htm
Lummi Sticks  http://www.scoutinglinks.com/GSRC/game0010.htm
Lummi Totem Pole Ceremony  http://www.defenselink.mil/speeches/2004/sp20040919-depsecdef0782.html
Lummi Totem Pole Memorial to WTC Victims  http://www.whrtf.org/News/healingpole.html
More Indian Remain Found at Blaine Site  http://www.mail-archive.com/nativenews@mlists.net/msg05013.html
Northern Puget Sound  http://www3.csc.noaa.gov/npsec/html/human/tribes.htm
Plagued by Drugs, Tribes Revive Ancient Penalty  http://www.susanohanian.org/atrocity_fetch.php?id=1645
Potlatch Economics  http://www.cwis.org/fwj/22/potlatch.htm
Salish-Straits Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=STR
Salish-Straits Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=STR
Samish Indian Nation  http://www.samishtribe.nsn.us/
Samish Indian Nation  http://www.samishtribe.nsn.us/
Samish Island  http://www.samishisland.net/history.htm
Samish Land Restored  http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096409965
Samish Tribal Profile  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Washington/SamishTribalProfile.htm
Samish Tribal Profile  http://www.northregionems.com/native/Samish%20Nation.htm
Samish Tribe in San Juan Islands  http://www.sanjuanislander.com/groups/samish_indians/naming.html
Schooling Has Lasted Lifetime for Lummi Cultural Teacher  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co06022001/CO_06022001_Lifetime_Schooling.htm
Treaty of Point Elliot  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=2629
Treaty of Point Elliot  ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/wa/indians/treaties/pteliott.txt
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5230

Last updated 03/01/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press