FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Satsop

 

 

Ethnie: SATSOP
Language: Chehalis
Family: Inland Tsamosan
Stock: Tsamosan
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 5 or fewer     Total Language  1990 M. D. Kincade
   The Chehalis were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  The tribe lived along the course of the Chehalis River River and the south side of Grays Harbor.  
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (1)
Present Locations
Extinct as a culture
Year History
1788 Visited by Mears
1811 Astoria founded
1824 Area visited by John Work
1830 Malaria epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
Year  Population Source
1700 100 NAHDB calculation 
1800 50 NAHDB calculation
1888 12 Census b=obtained by Olson
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Not separately enumerated after 1856)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Chehalis, Cowlitz, Humptulips, Kwaiailk
Satsop Sites:
Lower Chehalis Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=CEA
Lower Chehalis Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=CEA
Tribes Fight to Keep Culture Alive  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues02/Co08242002/CO_08242002_Washington_Tribes.htm
Upper Chehalis Dictionary  http://www.umt.edu/ling/UMOPL/umopl7.htm

Last updated 03/03/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press