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Saturiwa

 

 

Ethnie: SATURIWA
Language; Timucua Taino
Family: Northern Maipuran
Stock: Maipuran
Phylum: Arawakan
Macro-Culture: Florida
Speakers Extinct
      The Saturiwa were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They settled most densely about the mouth of the St. Johns River at present Jacksonville, Florida. They were destroyed early by pestilence and the oppression of the Spanish.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
FL   (30)
Present Locations
Confederated into the Seminole in FL and OK
Year History
1562 Visited by John Ribault and probably by earlier explorers
1564 Fort Caroline established
1567 Chief Saturiwa aided French De Gourgues in vengeance toward Spain
1577 Spanish supported Utina against Saturiwa, Mission San Juan del Puerto established Francisco de Pareja recorded Timucuan language
1617 Epidemic
1656 Involved in Timucuan rebellion
1672 Epidemic, smallpox [?]
1680 Last mentioned by Bishop Calderon
Year Total FL Population   Source
1500 3,000   NAHDB aboriginal estimate
1602 500   Mission records
1675 90   Mission records
1700 0   NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0   NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Mococo, Osochi, Pohoy, Potano, Tacatacuru, Tawasa, Timucua, Yustaga
Saturiwa Sites:
500 Year of Baker County  http://rootsweb.com/~flbaker/500yr.html
Brief History of the Timucua Taino of Northern Florida  http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/41/265.html
DeSoto's Florida Trails  http://www.floridahistory.com/inset5.html
Florida Archeological Collections  http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/flarch/collections.htm
Florida Indian Tribes  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/florida/
Fort Caroline National Memorial  http://gorp.away.com/gorp/resource/us_nmem/fl_ftcar.htm
Linguists Research Timucua, a Language with No Speakers  http://www.wm.edu/news/?id=5291
Saturiwa Trail  http://www.nps.gov/timu/indepth/partnership_areas/saturiwa_trail_text_aug05.htm
Taino Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=90537
Taino Timucua Tribe  http://www.hartford-hwp.com/Timucua/
Timucua  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timucua
Timucua  http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/t/ti/timucua.htm
Timucua Indian Coloring Pages  http://pelotes.jea.com/incolor3.htm
Timucua Indians  http://www.nps.gov/timu/indepth/foca/foca_timucua.htm
Timucua Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14733a.htm
Timucua Indians - After the Europeans Came  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article1109.html
Timucua Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/timucua/timucuaindianhist.htm
Timucua Language   http://www.native-languages.org/timucua.htm

Last updated 10/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press