Language: Northern Takic
Family: Takic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southern California
Speakers 1  1994  C.J. Coker 1 has since learned language, several others learning
     The Takic peoples arrived in southern California about 2,500 years ago. All were peaceful hunter/gatherer mountain and desert cultures. The Serrano delineation was a result of the Spanish missionization that separated them from the so called Gabrielino and Kitanemuk, with whom they comprised the Northern Takic language group.  They ranged throughout the San Bernardino Mountains, as far as the San Gabriel as far west as Mt. San Antonio. Ancestors of the present Serrano may well have ranged south of those mountains from Sierra Madre to the Morongo Valley.  The Serrano had close cultural ties to the Cahuilla, an late, were allies and trading partners with the Chemehuevi and indeed adopted at least one band of that ethnie into their culture.
Aboriginal Locations
Akavat, Amaha-vit, Atu'aviatam, Kayuwat, Kupacha, Malki, Mara, Maringa, Mawaitum, Muhiatnim, Mukunpat, Nahyu, Palukiktam, Pihatupayam, Tuchahu, Tumunamtu, Turka, Wa'acham, Wakuhi, Yahaviat 
Present Locations
Year History
1771  Mission San Gabriel Arcangel founded
1772  Pedro Fage entered territory
1776 Garces arrived in territory
1812  Revolted against missions along with Cahuilla and Yuma
1819  Asistencia established near Redlands; a large number of Vanyume massacred by Mojave tribe
1821  Large number indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1834  Many removed bodily to missions
1840  Smallpox epidemic
1860  Smallpox epidemic
1875  Reservation established
1975  100 Claimed descent, per Bean and Smith
Year Population Source
1700    1,500 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,500 Kroeber estimate
1800 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1900 100 NAHDB calculation
1910 118 Census
1975 100 Claimed descent, per Bean and Smith
2000 150 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Gabrielino, Kitanemuk
Serrano links:
Archeological Collections Repository
The Arrowhead Legends
Before Rialto
Bud Waite - Profile of a Local Legend
Casino Morongo
Jedediah Smith's Journals Across the Mojave
Joshua Tree National Park ...
Language Museum:  Serrano
Late Prehistoric Period
Marquez, Deron
Morongo Band of Mission Indians
Morongo Band of Mission Indians
Native Americans Recount History
Native People of Big Bear Valley
Oasis of Mara
San Manuel Band of Mission Indians:  Culture Overview
San Manuel Indian Bingo and Casino
Serrano Group - SFSU Narrative
Serrano Indians
Serrano Indian Tribe
Serrano Language
Serrano Linguistic Lineage
Serrano Tanning Vats - Riverside County
Southern California Culture and Ethnobotany
Sugar and Salt
Trail of the Desert Fan Palm Serrano lore
Where Were the Serrano Indians?

Last updated 08/13/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press