FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Serrano

 

Ethnie: SERRANO
Language: Northern Takic
Family: Takic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southern California
Speakers 1  1994  C.J. Coker 1 has since learned language, several others learning
     The Takic peoples arrived in southern California about 2,500 years ago. All were peaceful hunter/gatherer mountain and desert cultures. The Serrano delineation was a result of the Spanish missionization that separated them from the so called Gabrielino and Kitanemuk, with whom they comprised the Northern Takic language group.  They ranged throughout the San Bernardino Mountains, as far as the San Gabriel as far west as Mt. San Antonio. Ancestors of the present Serrano may well have ranged south of those mountains from Sierra Madre to the Morongo Valley.  The Serrano had close cultural ties to the Cahuilla, an late, were allies and trading partners with the Chemehuevi and indeed adopted at least one band of that ethnie into their culture.
Aboriginal Locations
Akavat, Amaha-vit, Atu'aviatam, Kayuwat, Kupacha, Malki, Mara, Maringa, Mawaitum, Muhiatnim, Mukunpat, Nahyu, Palukiktam, Pihatupayam, Tuchahu, Tumunamtu, Turka, Wa'acham, Wakuhi, Yahaviat 
Present Locations
MORONGO RESERVATION, Banning
SAN MANUAL RESERVATION, Highland
Year History
1771  Mission San Gabriel Arcangel founded
1772  Pedro Fage entered territory
1776 Garces arrived in territory
1812  Revolted against missions along with Cahuilla and Yuma
1819  Asistencia established near Redlands; a large number of Vanyume massacred by Mojave tribe
1821  Large number indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1834  Many removed bodily to missions
1840  Smallpox epidemic
1860  Smallpox epidemic
1875  Reservation established
1975  100 Claimed descent, per Bean and Smith
Year Population Source
1700    1,500 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,500 Kroeber estimate
1800 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1900 100 NAHDB calculation
1910 118 Census
1975 100 Claimed descent, per Bean and Smith
2000 150 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Gabrielino, Kitanemuk
Serrano links:
Archeological Collections Repository  http://www.saa.org/publications/saabulletin/15-2/SAA4.html
The Arrowhead Legends  http://www.notfrisco.com/calmem/arrowhead/brown.html
Before Rialto  http://www.rialto.k12.ca.us/curriculum/RialtoHistory/RHchapter1.htm
Bud Waite - Profile of a Local Legend  http://www.virtual29.com/magazine/bud.html
Casino Morongo  http://www.casinomorongo.com/
Jedediah Smith's Journals Across the Mojave  http://www.nps.gov/moja/mojahtjs.htm
Joshua Tree National Park ... http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/jotr/history3.htm
Language Museum:  Serrano  http://www.language-museum.com/s/serrano.htm
Late Prehistoric Period  http://www.avim.parks.ca.gov/people/ph_serrano.shtml
Marquez, Deron  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co07282001/CO_07282001_San_Manuel.htm
Morongo Band of Mission Indians  http://www.morongonation.org/
Morongo Band of Mission Indians  http://www.morongo.com/
Native Americans Recount History  http://lang.sbsun.com/projects/fireflood/P1/BN27SERRANO.asp
Native People of Big Bear Valley   http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/activity/bbv/the_serranos.htm
Oasis of Mara  http://www.nps.gov/jotr/culture/mara/mara.html
San Manuel Band of Mission Indians:  Culture Overview  http://www.sanmanuel-nsn.gov/culture.php
San Manuel Indian Bingo and Casino  http://www.sanmanuel.com/
Serrano Group - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/serrano.html
Serrano Indians  http://rims.k12.ca.us/serrano/index.html
Serrano Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/shoshoni/serranoindianhist.htm
Serrano Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=SER
Serrano Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=SER
Serrano Tanning Vats - Riverside County  http://www.donaldlaird.com/landmarks/counties/100-199/186.html
Southern California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/southern_california_culture.htm
Sugar and Salt  http://www.abotech.com/Articles/Campbell01.htm
Trail of the Desert Fan Palm Serrano lore    http://www.trailwisdom.com/deserts.htm
Where Were the Serrano Indians?  http://rims.k12.ca.us/serrano/Activities/mapact.html

Last updated 08/13/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press