FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Shasta

 

Ethnie: SHASTA
Language: Shastan
Family: Shastan
Stock: Western Hokan
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Northwestern California
Speakers 12      1990 Census
     The Shasta were a sedentary hunter/gatherer culture which relied heavily on fishing. They lived along the Klamath River from almost Indian Creek to above Fall Creek, in the drainages of Klamath tributaries, the Scott and Shasta Rivers, and in a separate mountainous area in Oregon about the Stewart River, and Little Butte Creek affluents of the Rogue River. They suffered from depredations of both the Oregon Trail and California gold rush immigrants. 
Aboriginal Locations
Subdivisions (# of villages)  CA Ahotiretsu (4), Cecilville (1), Iraitsu (2), Kammatwa (18); OR Kahosadi (2)
Present Locations
CA QUATRZ VALLEY RANCHERIA, Etna
OR GRANDE RONDE RESERVATION, Grande Ronde
OR SILETZ RESERVATION, Siletz
Groups With Recognition Petitions Pending
 SHASTA NATION, Yreka
Year History
1821 First contact with White trappers
1850 Gold rush, influx of miners, villages burned arbitrarily, occupants shot
1851 Large number of Shasta intentionally poisoned by Whites during treaty signing ceremony at Ft. Jones
1855 Had major role in the Rogue River Wars in Oregon
1856 As a result of the Rogue River Wars, some survivors taken to Grande Ronde, later to Siletz
1871 Began to practice ghost dance
1921 Smallpox epidemic
1967 Lost territories to Termination Act
Year Total Population California Estimate Source
1700 2,000 1,900 NAHDB calculation
1770 2,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 2,000 1,900 NAHDB calculation
1900 600 500 NAHDB calculation
1937 418 U. S. Indian Office
1989 400 BIA
2000 500 400 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Karuk
Shasta Sites
California History:  The Hidden Genocide  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/stories/normtrea.html
Earl Days in Klamath  http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist7/klamath.html
Norma Jean Croy  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/stories/normsaga.html
Horse Creek  http://www.sisqtel.net/~rbley/hrscrkscottrvr.htm
Indian Wars http://www.cowcreek.com/story/x01history/x09indianwars.html
Langley Family, Edward and Nancy  http://home.earthlink.net/~wedwards15/id15.html
Mountain Tales Student project  http://www.scsc.k12.ar.us/2001Outwest/PacificEcology/Projects/VillegasL/Default.htm
Mt. Shasta Bioregional Ecology Center  http://www.mountshastaecology.org/11mountshasta.html
Mt. Shasta Folklore  http://www.siskiyous.edu/shasta/fol/nam/folk16.htm
Mt. Shasta Grizzly Legend   http://www.ilhawaii.net/~stony/lore48.html
Mt. Shasta with Indian Encampment  http://ffscat.lcs.mit.edu/ffshtml/images/img0009.htm
Northwest California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_california-oregon_culture.htm
Scott Valley History  http://www.marblemtn.com/svhist.htm
Shasta  http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/oregon/shasta.html
Shasta  http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/shasta.html
Shasta Dam and the McCloud River  http://www.sacredland.org/endangered_sites_pages/shasta_dam.html
Shasta Gambling Trays  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/specialitems/shastagamblingtrays.html
Shasta Indian Baskets  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/shastahome.html
Shasta Indian Nation  http://www.shastaindiannation.org/
Shasta Indian Nation Claims Siskiyou County ...  http://www.klamathbasincrisis.org/tribes/tribshastaclaims100204.htm
Shasta Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/shastan/shastaindiantribe.htm
Shasta Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=SHT
Shasta Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=SHT
Shasta Massacre [?]  http://www.mailtribune.com/archive/2001/november/110401n2.htm
Shasta Social Organization  http://www.siskiyous.edu/shasta/nat/sha/soc.htm
The Shasta Tribe:  Rain Rock  http://users.sisqtel.net/rbley/shasta&ashcreek.htm
Shasta Tribe Student project  http://www.murrieta.k12.ca.us/alta/dfuller/2002/20v/tribe.html
Shasta Tribe  http://www.sisqtel.net/~rbley/shasta&ashcreek.htm
Shasta Tribe  http://mle.matsuk12.us/american-natives/california/shasta.html
State of Scenic Jefferson By-Way ...  http://www.jeffersonstate.com/bhelsaple/StateofJeffersonScenicBy.html
Treaty With the Chasta, Etc. 1854  http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/cha0655.htm
Why Mt. Shasta Erupted  http://www.indians.org/welker/mountsha.htm

Last updated 08/14/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press