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Shuswap

 

 

Ethnie: SHUSWAP (SECWEPMEC)
Language: Shuswap 
Family: Northern Interior Salish
Stock: Interior Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Plateau
Speakers 500    (2002 Poser)
      The Shuswap were a sedentary hunter/ gatherer language group and confederacy of the Northwestern Plateau. They occupied a large area including the middle course of the Fraser River as well as another section near its head, the drainage of the Thompson River above Kamploops Lake, and much of the upper Columbia above Arrow Lakes. They traded with the first Whites to arrive, but ultimately had conflicts with and suffered from the later settlers and disease.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
BC     Boneparte (3), Cañon (4), Fraser River (10), Kamloops (2), Lake (3), North Thompson (3), Shuswap Lake (5)
Present Locations
BC    Adams Lake Indian Band, Chase
         Alkali Lake Indian Band, Alkali
         Boneparte Indian Band, Cache Creek
         Canim Lake Band, Canim Lake
         Clinton Indian Band, Kamloops
         Deadman's Creek Indian Band, Savona
         High Bar Indian Band, Clinton
         Kamloops Indian Band, Kamloops
         Little Shuswap Indian Band, Chase
         Neskonlith Indian Band, Chase
         North Thompson Indian Band, Barriere
         Pavilion Indian Band, Lillooet
         Skeetchestn Indian Band, Savona
         Soda Creek Indian Band, Williams Lake
         Spallumcheen Indian Band, Enderby
         Whispering Pines Indian Band, Kamloops
         Williams Lake, Sugarcane
Year History
1793 Encountered by Mackenzie
1808 Encountered by Fraser
1816 Met by Hudson Bay Co. fur traders with Iroquois
1858 Fraser River gold rush, invasion of miners, but successfully maintained way of life
1862 Smallpox epidemic
1884 Canadian Pacific Railroad completed
1980 Formed Shuswap Tribal Council
Year BC Population Source
1700 5,300 NAHDB calculation
1780 5,300   Mooney estimate
1800 5,500 NAHDB calculation
1850 7,200   Teit (per an intelligent old Indian)
1900 2,200 NAHDB calculation 
1903 2,185 Canadian Indian Office
1906 2,236 Canadian Indian Office
2000 8,000 NAHDB calculation 
2005 8,475 Tribal Council
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Shuswap Sites:
Adams Lake Band  http://www.bcfn.org/adamslakeband/
Adams Lake Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca32.php
Alkali Lake Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca59.php
Ashcroft Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca33.php
Boneparte Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca34.php
Canim Lake Band 'Tsqescen'  http://www.cariboolinks.com/ctc/canim/
Canoe Creek Band  http://www.cariboolinks.com/ctc/canoe/index.html
Canoe Creek Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca71.php
Clinton Indian Band  http://www.wpcib.com/indexa.html
High Bar Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca51.php
Kamloops Indian Band  http://www.kib.ca/default.htm
Kamloops Indian Band  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamloops_Indian_Band
Little Shuswap Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca37.php
Little Shuswap Lake Band  http://www.littleshuswaplake.com/
Native elders work to preserve their rights and culture  http://www.umich.edu/~urecord/9900/Apr03_00/5.htm
Neskonlith Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca38.php
North Thompson Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca39.php
Pavilion Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/pro_bc56.php
Secwepemc  http://www.kag.bc.ca/Exhibitions/MakingAnImpression/moccasins2.html
Secwepemc Nation  http://www.secwepemc.org/
Secwepemctsin – Language of the Secwepemc  http://www.landoftheshuswap.com/msite/lang.php
Skeetchestn Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca35.php
Shuswap  http://www.nativeamericans.com/Shuswap.htm
Shuswap and Couple  http://pivin.com/davidsr/cruise/Album39.html
Shuswap Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t214
Shuswap Band Names  http://www.landoftheshuswap.com/msite/bandname.php
Shuswap Bands  http://www.ontalink.com/native_americans/shuswap.html
Shuswap Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/pro_bc67.php
Shuswap Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13764a.htm
Shuswap Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/canada/shuswapindianhist.htm
Shuswap Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=shs
Shuswap Language  http://www.ydli.org/langs/shuswap.htm
Shuswap Language  http://www.native-languages.org/shuswap.htm
Shuswap Language Plaque  http://www.schoolnet.ca/aboriginal/tribute/shuswap-e.html
Shuswap Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=shs
Shuswap Nation Tribal Council  http://www.shuswapnation.org/
Shuswap Naztion Tribal Council  http://www.gov.bc.ca/arr/negotiation/first_nations_in_the_process/shuswap_nation_tribal_council.htm
Soda Creek Band  http://www.cariboolinks.com/ctc/soda/index.html
Spallumcheen Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/pro_bc62.php

Last updated 11/15/05  Copyright © 2005 by Four Directions Press