FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Sioux

 

 

Ethnie: SIOUX
Dialects: Dakota, Lakota, Nakota
Language: Dakota
Family: Central Mississippi Valley Siouan 
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Great Plains
      The Sioux were a language group and culture.  Prehistorically, they were apparently a component of the Indian Knoll Culture of the south, removing from that area about 1000 B.C.  They became sedentary hunter/farmers along the Mississippi in southern Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin.  Ultimately, all of the Lakota and some of the Dakota and Nakota were driven out onto the Great Plains by the Chippewa where they became nomadic hunter/gatherers.  This created an eastern woodlands division of the tribe and a prairie division, with the greater part of the population in the latter.
      The Sioux were, for the most part, bellicose and had many enemies, particularly on the plains where they lived in a constant state of war.  They allied with the Cheyenne and Arapaho, and were the most formidable opponents of White expansion.  The Sioux, under leaders like Little Crow, Sitting Bull, Red Cloud, and Crazy Horse handed White expansionists several defeats before the final blow at Wounded Knee in 1890.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
Minnesota and Wisconsin
Present Locations
MB    Birdtail Sioux (Dakota), Beulah
          Dakota Plains (Dakota), Edwin
          Dakota Tipi (Dakota), Portage La Prairie
          Oak Lake Sioux (Dakota), Pipestone
          Sioux Valley (Dakota), Griswald
MN    Lower Sioux Reservation (Dakota), Morton
          Prairie Island Reservation (Dakota), Welch
          Shakopee Mdewakanton Dakota Reservation (Dakota), Prior Lake
          Spirit Lake Reservation (Dakota), Fort Totten
          Upper Sioux Reservation (Dakota), Granite Falls
MT     Fort Peck Reservation (Nakota), Poplar
NE      Santee Reservation (Dakota, Nakota), Niobara
ND     Standing Rock Reservation (Lakota), Fort Yates
SK      Carry the Kettle (Nakota), Sintaluta
           Moosewoods (Dakota), Saskatoon
           Standing Buffalo (Dakota), Fort Qu' Appelle
           Wahpeton (Dakota), Prince Albert
           Wood Mountain (Dakota), Wood Mountain
SD      Cheyenne River Reservation (Lakota), Eagle Butte
           Crow Creek Reservation (Lakota), Thompson
           Flandreau Reservation (Dakota), Flandreau
           Lower Brule Reservation (Lakota), Brule
           Pine Ridge Reservation (Lakota), Pine Ridge
           Rosebud Reservation (Lakota), Rosebud
           Sisseton Reservation (Dakota), Sisseton
           Yankton Reservation (Dakota), Wagner
Year History
1640 First mentioned in the Jesuit Relation
1765 Some first reached the Black Hills, driven west by Chippewa
1798 War with Menominee
1801 Smallpox epidemic
1804 Met by Lewis and Clark
1811 Met Wilson Rice Hunt expedition on the Missouri River, traded
1837 Smallpox epidemic; sold all of their territories east of the Mississippi to U. S.
1848 War with Mandan
1851 First Treat of Fort Laramie recognized tribes
1853 Received huge amount of corn from Arikara, prevented famine
1854 War over Grattan affair
1855 Gen. Harvey massacred 85, captured 70 women and children
1862 Eastern bands under Little Crow (Santee Uprising) killed 700 settlers, 100 soldiers; soon forced west
1866 War of Bozeman Trail, Red Cloud's War
1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie established Great Sioux Reservation
1875 Black Hills Gold Rush started war, dispute between Red Cloud and Crazy Horse divided Lakota
1876 Defeated Gen. Custer at Little Big Horn River with help of Cheyenne, Black Hills War under Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse
1877 Dull Knife, Lame Deer, and Crazy Horse defeated, Sitting Bull escaped to Canada, Crazy Horse killed in captivity; U. S. government forced takeover of Black Hills
1881 Sitting Bull surrendered
1889 Act of Congress split the Great Sioux Reservation into six smaller reservations
1890 Sitting Bull murdered on the Standing Rock Reservation, following this ... massacre of Big Foot's band killing more than 250 at Wounded Knee by U. S. Army for conducting "illegal" ghost dance
1973 American Indian Movement (AIM) took over Wounded Knee in armed conflict, occupied for 71 days, began three year conflict on Pine Ridge Reservation, 60 of tribe were killed
1976 Pine Ridge goon squads disbanded ending Pine Ridge civil conflicts
1980 Lakota refused $180 million in payment for stolen Black Hills
Year Total Pop. MB MN MT ND NE SD SK WI WY Source
Arrival 35,000 30,000 5,000
1700 25,000 20,000 5,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 25,000 Mooney estimate
1800 25,000 NAHDB calculation
1900 27,000 500 500 5,000  4,000 2,000 10,500  500 2,000 NAHDB calculation 
1904 27,715 Census
1937 33,625 US Indian Office
1989 70,800 BIA estimate
2000 101,000 2,000 5,500 4,500 12,500 2,000 73,000 2,500 NAHDB calculation
2004 103,965 2,541 6,722 5,000  14,723 2,500 74,729 2,959 Various
Sioux Sites:
AIM, Pine Ridge, and the FBI  http://www.dickshovel.com/Aim.Pine.html
Badlands:  Human History  http://www.nps.gov/badl/exp/humans.htm
Battle of the Little Big Horn  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/resources/archives/six/bighorn.htm
Battle of the Little Big Horn, 1876  http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/custer.htm
Big Foot  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/a_c/bigfoot.htm
Birdtail Sioux First Nation  http://www.dotc.mb.ca/default.aspx?ID=5
Birdtail Sioux Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/manitoba/pro_mb2.php
Black Elk Speaks  http://www.blackelkspeaks.unl.edu/toc.htm
Blackfeet Sioux Treaty - 1865  http://www.dlncoalition.org/dln_nation/1865_blackfeet_treaty.htm
Black Hills Treaty  http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/american_originals/sioux.html
Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show  http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/acs/1890s/buffalobill/bbwildwestshow.html
Camping With the Sioux:  ... Alice Cunningham Fletcher  http://www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/fletcher/fletcher.htm
Carry the Kettle Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/sask/pro_sk8.php
Catlin Sioux Paintings  http://catlinclassroom.si.edu/catlin_browsepagetribe.cfm?StartRow=201
Chasing Thunderheart  http://www.vkn.com/movies/thunderheart/badlands.html
Cheyenne River Lakota Nation  http://www.sioux.org/
Cheyenne River Pictures  http://www.sioux.org/pics_of_crst_rez.html
Cheyenne River Sioux  http://www.travelsd.com/history/sioux/criver.asp
Cheyenne River Sioux Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/cheyenne.htm
Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation  http://www.brookmanstamps.com/Netcat/Indians/CheyenneRiver.htm
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe Overview  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article298.html
Chief Sitting Bull  http://www.sittingbull.org/
Chief Sitting Bull  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/sittbull.htm
Crazy Horse  http://www.indians.org/welker/crazyhor.htm
Crazy Horse  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/a_c/crazyhorse.htm
Crazy Horse  http://www.wc.pdx.edu/crazyhorse/crazy.html
Crazy Horse  http://www.emayzine.com/lectures/CRAZYHOR.html
Crazy Horse  http://montanakids.com/db_engine/presentations/presentation.asp?pid=345&sub=Crazy+Horse
Crazy Horse Family Reconciliation  http://www.dlncoalition.org/dln_issues/reconciliation_with_crazy_horse_family.htm
Crazy Horse, Last Stand  http://americanhistory.about.com/library/prm/bllaststandcrazyhorse1.htm
Crazy Horse Monument  http://www.roadsidephotos.com/sd/sd16.htm
Crazy Horse Poetry:  Sherman Alexie  http://www.washingtonfreepress.org//02/Books.html
Crazy Horse Photo [?]  http://www.friendslittlebighorn.com/crazy-horse-photo.htm
Crow Creek Agency  http://www.sdhistory.org/arc/iap/arc_iap14.htm
Crow Creek Reservation  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article302.html
Crow Creek Sioux Tribe  http://www.travelsd.com/history/sioux/crowcrek.asp
Crow Creek Sioux Tribe Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/crwcreek.htm
Dakota Conflict Trials  http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/dakota/Dak_account.html
Dakota Exile  http://www.ktca.org/dakota/
Dakota History and Culture  http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/5579/dakota.html
Dakota/Lakota Singing  http://drumhop.com/
Dakota Language  http://www.alliance2k.org/daklang/dakota9463.htm
Dakota Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=DHG
Dakota Plains Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/manitoba/pro_mb9.php
Dakota Plains Wahpeton Nation  http://www.dotc.mb.ca/default.aspx?ID=7
Dakotas  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/places/states/dakotas/dk_standing.htm
Dakota Tipi Casino  http://www.lcssinc.com/bigmike/dakotahtipi.html
Dakota Tipi Indian Band  http://broadband.gc.ca/demographic_servlet/community_demographics/6237
Decline and Fall of the Sioux Nation  http://home.tiac.net/~cri/1998/sioux.html
Deer Women and Elk Men  http://www.native-net.org/archive/nl/9208/0065.html
Deloria, Elle Clara  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/information/biography/abcde/deloria_ella_cara.html
DLN Nation  http://www.dlncoalition.org/dln_nation/
Exiled at Crow Creek  http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/200209/23_steilm_1862-m/crowcreek.shtml
FBI:  At the Pine Ridge Reservation  http://www.freepeltier.org/fbi_pineridge.htm
Flandreau Santee Sioux - History/Culture  http://www.fsst.org/veterans.htm
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe  http://www.fsst.org/
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe  http://www.sdtribalrelations.com/santee.asp
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe  http://www.travelsd.com/history/sioux/santee.asp
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/flandrea.htm
Fort Peck Assiniboin and Sioux History  http://www.montana.edu/wwwfpcc/tribes/
Fort Peck Assiniboin and Sioux History  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/fortpeck.htm
Fort Peck Assiniboin and Sioux Tribes  http://www.fema.gov/regions/viii/tribal/fortpeckbg.shtm
Fort Peck Community College  http://fpcctalkindian.nativeweb.org/
Fort Peck Indian Reservation  http://montanakids.com/db_engine/presentations/presentation.asp?pid=173&sub=Tribal+Histories
Fort Peck Tribal Executive Board  http://tlc.wtp.net/fortpeck.htm
Fort Totten History  http://www.lib.ndsu.nodak.edu/govdocs/text/forttotten.html
Ghost Dance, Mooney's Illustrations  http://php.indiana.edu/~tkavanag/visualb.html
Great Sioux Nation  http://www.blackhillsbadlands.com/go.asp?ID=102
Great Sioux Nation  http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/sioux/
Great Sioux Nation  http://tradecorridor.com/rosebud/nation.htm
Indian Boyhood  http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/EasIndi.html
Lakhota Language  http://www.lakhota.com/home.htm
Lakota  http://members.aol.com/bbbenge/page6.html
Lakota Astronomy  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/stars/starmenu.html
Lakota Indians History  http://www.uwec.edu/greider/Indigenous/Sundance/sundance/Pam,%20Becky,%20Jimmy/webpage/lakota_indians.htm
Lakota Iyapi  http://www.elexion.com/lakota/iyapi/index2.html
Lakota, Nakota, Dakota  http://www.hanksville.org/daniel/lakota/Lakota.html
Lakota Nation  http://www.unpo.org/member.php?arg=35
Lakota ns Dakota Wowapi Oti Kin  http://puffin.creighton.edu/lakota/
Lakota of the Plains  http://www.carnegiemuseums.org/cmnh/exhibits/north-south-east-west/lakota/index.html
Lakota Oglala Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation  http://www.ouachitalk.com/takeover.htm
Lakota Rites, Ceremonies, and Symbolism  http://www.elexion.com/lakota/rites/main2.html
Lakota (Sioux)  http://www.invitationproject.ca/cgi-win/quilt.exe?LISTING=1180
Lakota Sioux History  http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Post/497636
Lakota:  The Forgotten People of Pine Ridge  http://www.unpo.org/news_detail.php?arg=35&par=518
Lakota Tribes of the Great Plains  http://www.pilotguides.com/destination_guide/north_america/american_rockies/lakota.php
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe  http://www.travelsd.com/history/sioux/brule.asp
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe  http://www.fema.gov/regions/viii/tribal/lowerbrulebg.shtm
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/lwrbrule.htm
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe Overview  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article306.html
Lower Sioux Indian Reservation  http://www.oakhills.edu/cim/lowsioux.html
Lower Sioux Mdewakanton Dakota Reservation  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/mn/lowersio.htm
Malakota - I am Lakota  http://www.malakota.com/
Minnesota Dakota  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/mn/mndakotahist.html
Moose Woods, First Woman Chief Elected  http://www.sicc.sk.ca/saskindian/a80feb07.htm
Moose Woods Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/sask/pro_sk34.php
Oak Lake First Nation Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/manitoba/pro_mb36.php
Oglala Sioux Flag  http://users.aol.com/Donh523/navapage/oglala.htm
Oglala Sioux Tribe  http://www.lakotamall.com/oglalasiouxtribe/
Oglala Sioux Tribe  http://www.travelsd.com/history/sioux/oglala.asp
Oglala Sioux Tribe Begins New Era  http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096410028
Oglala Sioux Tribe Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/oglala.htm
Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation  http://www.fema.gov/regions/viii/tribal/oglalabg.shtm
Old Indian Days  http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/EasDays.html
Origin of the Prairie Rose  http://www.bedtime-story.com/bedtime-story/sioux-prairierose.htm
Pheasant Rump First Nation  http://cap.ic.gc.ca/sk/pheasantrumpnakota/
Pheasant Rump Nakota Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/sask/pro_sk50.php
Pine Ridge and the Oglala Lakota People  http://www.suannebigcrow.org/lakota.htm
Pine Ridge Reservation  http://www.pineridgerez.net/index.php
Pine Ridge Reservation  http://www.trailsandgrasslands.org/rez.html
Pine Ridge Reservation  http://www.wmburgweb.com/DigitalScrapbooks/Travel98/PineRidge/pineridge.html
Pine Ridge Reservation  http://mitglied.lycos.de/albamonika/resume.html
Pine Ridge Reservation:  20th Century  http://www.pbs.org/itvs/homeland/yesterday5.html
Pine Ridge Reservation:  Post War Years  http://www.pbs.org/itvs/homeland/yesterday4.html
Prairie Island Dakota (Sioux) Reservation  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/mn/prairie.htm
Prairie Island Mdewakanton Dakota Indian Community History  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/mn/prairie.htm
Prairie Island Indian Community  http://www.prairieisland.org/
Red Cloud  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/i_r/redcloud.htm
Red Cloud  http://jbtank.com/indians/redcloud.html
Red Cloud  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/redcloud.htm
Red Cloud  http://www.custerslaststand.org/source/redcloud.html
Red Cloud  http://www.worldwideschool.org/library/books/hst/northamerican/IndianHeroesGreatChieftains/Chap1.html
Red Cloud  http://www.danielnpaul.com/ChiefRedCloud.html
Red Cloud Indian School  http://redcloudschool.org/
Rosebud Reservation  http://tradecorridor.com/rosebud/
Rosebud Reservation  http://www.tcsdk12.org/cmc/Lakota/rosebud_reservation.htm
Rosebud Reservation  http://www.pschulze.com/subweb/lwoman/rosebud_reservation.htm
Rosebud Sioux Tribe  http://www.rosebudsiouxtribe-nsn.gov/
Rosebud Sioux Tribe  http://www.travelsd.com/history/sioux/rosebud.asp
Rosebud Sioux Tribe  http://www.fema.gov/regions/viii/tribal/rosebudbg.shtm
Rosebud Sioux Tribe  http://www.rosebudsiouxtribe-nsn.gov/demographics/
Rosebud Sioux Tribe Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/rosebud.htm
Rosebud Sioux Tribe Overview  http://www.pschulze.com/subweb/lwoman/rosebud_reservation.htm
Santee Sioux History  http://santeeweb.esu1.org/siouxhis/santee_history%7F%7F%7F.htm
Santee Sioux History  http://www.thenicc.edu/SanteeSiouxTribeHistory.htm
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska  http://www.santeedakota.org/
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/santee.htm
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska Overview  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article314.html
Shakopee Mdewakanton Dakota (Sioux) Reservation  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/mn/shakopee.htm
Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux (Dakota) Community  http://www.ccsmdc.org/
Shakopee Sioux Indian Reserevation  http://www.oakhills.edu/cim/shakopee.html
Sioux  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/sioux.html
Sioux Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t96
Sioux Elders Hold Peaceful Takeover of Tribal Council Building  http://www.ouachitalk.com/takeover.htm
Sioux History  http://www.lakhota.com/stories/story.history.htm
Sioux Indian Archery  http://www.student.utwente.nl/~sagi/artikel/native/
Sioux Indian Art  http://www.siouxindianart.com/
Sioux Indian Bibliography  http://www.usd.edu/library/subject/siouxweb.htm
Sioux Indian Museum  http://www.journeymuseum.org/english/thecollections/sioux/
Sioux Indian Museum  http://www.doi.gov/iacb/museums/museum_sioux.html
Sioux Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14017a.htm
Sioux Language  http://www.omniglot.com/writing/sioux.htm
Sioux Literature  http://www.dickshovel.com/hill.html
Sioux Nation - Lakota, Dakota, Nakota  http://www.montana.edu/wwwfpcc/tribes/
Sioux Tribe  http://www.nativeamericans.com/Sioux.htm
Sioux Valley Dakota Nation ...  http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/nr/prs/j-a2001/2-01110_e.html
Sioux Valley Dakota Nation  http://www.dotc.mb.ca/default.aspx?ID=10
Sioux Valley First Nation Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/manitoba/pro_mb50.php
Sisseton-Wahpeton Culture and History  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co05192001/CO_05192001_Sisseton.htm
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe  http://www.travelsd.com/history/sioux/sisseton.asp
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe  http://www.fema.gov/regions/viii/tribal/sissetonwahpetonbg.shtm
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe  http://www.dickshovel.com/hill.html
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe Community Tribe  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/sisseton.htm
Sitting Bull  http://www.mysteriesofcanada.com/Saskatchewan/sitting_bull.htm
Sitting Bull  http://www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/famous/sitting_bull.htm
Sitting Bull  http://www.powersource.com/gallery/people/sittbull.html
Sitting Bull  http://www.answers.com/topic/sitting-bull
Sitting Bull  http://www.thehawksnest.com/html/sittingbull.html
Sitting Bull  http://www.affv.nu/andreasson/sittingbull/page6.htm
Sitting Bull  http://www.snowwowl.com/nativeleaders/sittingbull.html
Sitting Bull  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/s_z/sittingbull.htm
Sitting Bull  http://jbtank.com/indians/sittingbull.html
Sitting Bull  http://college.hmco.com/history/readerscomp/rcah/html/ah_079100_sittingbull.htm
Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/resources/archives/seven/w67i_bullcody.htm
Sitting Bull and the Great Sioux Nation  http://www.historychannel.com/cgi-bin/frameit.cgi?p=http%3A//www.historychannel.com/classroom/guides/sbull.html
Sitting Bull and the Mounties  http://www.thehistorynet.com/we/blsittingbullandthemounties/index2.html
Sitting Bull College  http://www.sittingbull.edu/
Sitting Bull's Death  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/resources/archives/eight/sbarrest.htm
Sitting Bull History  http://collections.ic.gc.ca/beaupre/promme92.htm
South Dakota Indian Tribes  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/dakotas/sd.html
Spirit Lake Nation  http://www.spiritlakenation.com/
Spirit Lake Tribe Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/splake.htm
Spirit Lake Tribe of North Dakota  http://www.fema.gov/regions/viii/tribal/spiritlakebg.shtm
Standing Buffalo  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/history/mncultures/standingbuffalo.html
Standing Buffalo Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/sask/pro_sk58.php
Standing Buffalo First Nation  http://cap.ic.gc.ca/sk/standingbuffalo/
Standing Buffalo:  Medicine Lodge Woman  http://www.pbs.org/circleofstories/storytellers/rosella_archdale.html
Standing Buffalo:  Painting  http://quappelle.mendel.ca/pictures/viewer$82
Standing Rock Reservation  http://www.standingrock.org/
Standing Rock Reservation  http://www.hometownlocator.com/City/Standing-Rock-Reservation-South-Dakota.cfm
Standing Rock Reservation Horses Part of Tribe's Teaching  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues03/Co11012003/CO_11012003_Horses.htm
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe  http://www.fema.gov/regions/viii/tribal/standingrockbg.shtm
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Community Profile  http://www.hometownlocator.com/City/Standing-Rock-Reservation-South-Dakota.cfm
Tatanka Iyotanka  http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Delphi/1088/natives/sitting.htm
Tatanka Yotanka  http://members.tripod.com/~RFester/lakota.html
Teton Dakota Children's Games  http://puffin.creighton.edu/lakota/publications/dorsey/games_of_teton_dakota_children.htm
Teton Dakota Sioux  http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0300/frameset_reset.html?http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0300/stories/0301_0108.html
Teton Sioux - Lewis and Clark  http://www.pbs.org/lewisandclark/native/tet.html
Treaties  http://puffin.creighton.edu/lakota/index_treaties.html
Unkpapa Sioux Portraits  http://gallery.unl.edu/picinfo/2274.html
Upper Sioux Dakota Reservation  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/mn/uppersio.htm
Wahpeton Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/sask/pro_sk64.php
Wakpa Sica Reconciliation Place  http://www.wakpasica.org/index.html
Wood Mountain Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/sask/pro_sk68.php
Wood Mountain Reserve Profile  http://www.sicc.sk.ca/saskindian/a76nov15.htm
Wounded Knee ...  http://www.dickshovel.com/hill.html
Wounded Knee Massacre  http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/knee.htm
Wounded Knee Massacre  http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_places/wounded_knee_massacre/wounded_knee_massacre.html
Wounded Knee Massacre:  Lakota Accounts  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/resources/archives/eight/wklakota.htm
Woskate  http://puffin.creighton.edu/lakota/publications/onefeather/woskate.html
Yankton Agency  http://www.sdhistory.org/arc/iap/arc_iap36.htm
Yankton Sioux Tribe  http://travelsd.com/history/sioux/yankton.asp
Yankton Sioux Tribe  http://www.travelsd.com/history/sioux/yankton.asp
Yankton Sioux Tribe Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/yankton.htm
Yankton Sioux Tribe - Lewis and Clark  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_019_2_8.html
Yankton, Yanktonai, Assiniboin  http://www.nmnh.si.edu/anthro/repatriation/hairrep.htm

Last updated 04/01/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press