FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Skagit

 

 

Ethnie: SKAGIT
Language: Skagit
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 60   1990 M. D. Kincade (total language)
   The Skagit were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  The tribe lived along the Skagit and Stillaguamish Rivers. They are closely related to the Swinomish, whit whom they are often combined.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (25)
Present Locations
WA   Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, La Conner
         Upper Skagit Tribe, Sedro
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 Visited by Mears
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1855 Treaty of Point Elliot created reservation
1870  Smallpox epidemic
1984 Upper Skagit Reservation established
Year  Population Source
1700 700 NAHDB calculation 
1800 700 NAHDB calculation
1853 300 Gibbs estimate
1900 100 NAHDB calculation
1910 56 Census
1937 200 US Indian Office
2000 400 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Skagit Sites:
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_coastal_culture.htm
Skagit Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t97
Skagit Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=SKA
Skagit Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=SKA
Treaty of Point Elliot  ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/wa/indians/treaties/pteliott.txt
Upper Skagit Tribe, http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1581.html
Upper Skagit Tribe  http://www.northregionems.com/native/Upper%20Skagit%20Tribe.htm
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5230

Last updated 03/03/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press