FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Skokomish

 

 

Ethnie: SKOKOMISH (TWANA)
Language: Twana
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 0
   The Skokomish, previously Twana,  were semi-sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  The tribe lived along both sides of Hoods Canal.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (9)
Present Locations
WA   Skokomish Reservation, Shelten
         Squaxin Island Reservation, Shelton
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver, smallpox epidemic
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1855 Treaty of Point No Point created reservation
1870  Smallpox epidemic
Year  Population Source
1700 500 NAHDB calculation 
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1900 250 NAHDB calculation
1910 256 Census
1937 206 US Indian Office
1981 1,008 BIA
1989 2,140 BIA [?]
2000 1,500 NAHDB calculation
2004 1,446 IHC
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Skokomish Sites:
Lucky Dog Casino  http://theluckydogcasino3608775656.worldpages-ads.com/
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_coastal_culture.htm
Skokomish Artis Wins National Heritage Fellowship  http://www.indianz.com/News/2004/002858.asp
Skoskomish Basket Master  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Washington/Skokomish%20Tribal%20Profile.htm
Skokomish Indian Tribe  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1568.html
Skokomish Tribal Nation  http://www.skokomish.org/
Skoskomish Tribal Profile  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Washington/Skokomish%20Tribal%20Profile.htm
Skoskomish Tribe  http://www2.ihs.gov/PortlandAO/about/skokomish.asp
Twana Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=TWA
Twana Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=TWA
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5230

Last updated 03/04/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press