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Slavey

 

 

Ethnie: SLAVEY
Dialect: Slavey
Language: Hare-Chipewyan
Family: Athapaskan
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Sub-Arctic
Speakers A As many as 70% of tribe    
      The Slavey were a nomadic hunter tribe of the sub-arctic. They ranged over the valley of the Mackenzie River from Great Slave Lake to Fort Norman. The Cree were their primary enemies though they also fough the Inuits tot he north and the other Athapaskan tribes of the region.  Their remote location minimized their contact with Whites.
Aboriginal Location
AB among Chipewyan or NT
Present Locations
AB Dene Tha' First Nation, Chateh
BC Fort Nelson First Nation, Fort Nelson
  Prophet River First Nation, Fort Nelson
NT Colville Lake Band, Colville Lake
  Fort Laird Band, Fort Laird
  Fort Norman Band, Fort Norman
  Fort Providence Band, Fort Providence 
  Fort Simpson Band, Fort Simpson
  Hay River Reserve Band, Hay River
  Jean Marie River Band, Jean Marie River.
  Liidlii Kue First Nation, Fort Simpson
  Norman Wells Band, Norman Wells
  Wrigley Band, Fort Wrigley
Year History
1670 Hudson Bay Company chartered
1697 The Cree, having guns received from traders, drove the Chipewyan north and east of their aboriginal territories
1717 Churchill post established
1730 Approximate date Alberta Indians acquired horses and guns
1784 Smallpox epidemic
1793 Region visited by Alexander Mackenzie
1804 Fort Simpson established by HBC
1807 Fort Laird established by North West Co.
1810 Fort Norman established by North West Co.
1819 HBC established Fort Resolution at the mouth of the Slavey
1835 Yellowknives defeated by the Slavey and driven from the rich area of the Yellowknife River to the barren hills about Great slave lake
1868 Hay River Post established by HBC
1887 The Great Famine
1890 Fort Wrigley established by HBC
1897 Indian Treaty No. 8 .
1920 Spanish Flu
1921 Indian Treaty No. 11
1948 Measles epidemic
Year  Population AB BC NT   Source
1670 1,250         Mooney estimate
1700 1,250 100 100 1,050   NAHDB calculation
1800 1,000 50 50 900   NAHDB calculation
1858 1,023         Anderson
1881 1,635         Russel
1900 1,400 200 350 850   NAHDB calculation
1921 1,230         CDIA
1931 1,459         CDIA
1941 1,455         Wherrett
1970 3,334         CDIA
1978 3,964         CDIA
2000 7,200 500 700 6,000   NAHDB calculation
2005 7,541 526 755 6,260   Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
Chipewyan, Deline, Dogrib, Mountain, Yellowknife
Yellowknife Tribe Sites:
Aboriginal History of Northern Canada  http://www.usask.ca/education/ideas/tplan/sslp/aborhist.htm
Affection/Aggression  http://www.peacemagazine.org/archive/v10n5p12.htm
Chipewyan/Dene Language  http://www.native-languages.org/chipewyin.htm
Chipewyan Language  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chipewyan_language
Chipewyan Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=chp
Chipewyan Language  http://www.languagegeek.com/dene/denesulhine/denesulhine.html
Chipewyan Language Plaque  http://www.schoolnet.ca/aboriginal/tribute/chipwyan-e.html
Chipewyan Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=chp
Colville Lake Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/nwt/pro_nt11.php
Dark Chapter in Canadian History  http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/44/048.html
Deh Cho First Nation  http://www.dehchofirstnations.com/
Deh Cho First Nations  http://www.cancom.net/~dehchofn/member.htm
Dene  http://www.ftlcomm.com/ensign/ensign2/humanAdaptations/skEnthnicity/dene.html
Dene Tha  http://www.abheritage.ca/albertans/people/dene.html
Dene Tha' First Nation  http://www.dene-tha.ab.ca/
Dene Tha' Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/alberta/pro_ab7.php
Dene (Slave, Dogrib, Hare)  http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/ssila/learning/dene.htm
First Arctic Land Expedition ...  http://www.carc.org/pubs/v14no2/1.htm
Foggy Fort Simpson  http://archives.cbc.ca/IDC-1-69-242-1209/life_society/papal_visit/clip7
Fort Laird  http://www.fortliard.com/history.htm
Fort Laird Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/nwt/pro_nt18.php
Fort Nelson  http://rla.sd81.bc.ca/~fns/fnstoc.html
Fort Nelson  http://www.portsmouth-guide.co.uk/local/frtnsn.htm
Fort Nelson  http://www.fortnelson2005.ca/
Fort Nelson First Nation  http://www.fnnation.ca/Frames/Introduction_1.htm
Fort Nelson First Nation  http://www.jobsearchonline.bc.ca/Community_Profiles/fort_nelsonfn.htm
Fort Nelson First Nation  http://www.fnnation.ca/
Fort Nelson First Nation  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/fort_nelson_first_nation.htm
Fort Nelson No. 2  http://www.aboriginalcanada.gc.ca/abdt/apps/connectivitysurvey.nsf/vAllCRSummaryEn/1102?OpenDocument
Fort Nelson No. 2, BC  http://broadband.gc.ca/demographic_servlet/community_demographics/7044
Fort Norman  http://www.nwtandy.rcsigs.ca/stations/norman.htm
Fort Norman Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/nwt/pro_nt20.php
Fort Norman Settlement  http://www.aboriginalcanada.gc.ca/abdt/apps/connectivitysurvey.nsf/vAllCRSummaryEn/2598
Fort Providence  http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/nin/pro/nwt/fortprovidence_e.html
Fort Providence  http://www.greatcanadianlakes.com/northwest/slave/his_page2.htm
Fort Providence Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/nwt/pro_nt21.php
Fort Providence History  http://portal.ssimicro.com/fort_providence/history.htm
Fort Providence, NWT  http://ca.epodunk.com/profiles/northwest-territories/fort-providence/2000771.html
Fort Providence, NWT  http://www.nwtandy.rcsigs.ca/stations/providence.htm
Fort Providence, NWT  http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/ca-nt-fp.html
Fort Providence Settlement  http://www.aboriginalcanada.gc.ca/abdt/apps/connectivitysurvey.nsf/vAllCRSummaryEn/2617
Fort Simpson Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/nwt/pro_nt23.php
Fort Simpson Heritage Park Archaeological Project  http://www.archaeoexpeditions.com/FortSimpson2003.html
Fort Simpson History  http://www.wolverineair.com/About_Ft__Simpson/body_about_ft__simpson.html
Fort Simpson Legislative Assembly  http://www.assembly.gov.nt.ca/VisitorInfo/NWTMapandHistory/FortSimpson.html
Fort Simpson Mission Station  http://www.psamnwt.com/simpson1.html
Fort Simpson, NWT  http://www.fortsimpson.com/history.html
Fort Simpson, NWT  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Simpson,_Northwest_Territories
Fort Simpson, NWT  http://ca.epodunk.com/profiles/northwest-territories/fort-simpson/2000776.html
Fort Simpson Settlement  http://www.aboriginalcanada.gc.ca/abdt/apps/connectivitysurvey.nsf/vAllCRSummaryEn/2606
Hay River Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/nwt/pro_nt28.php
Hay River Dene Reserve  http://www.hayriver.com/main/brief_history_reserve.htm
Hay River History  http://www.geocities.com/RodeoDrive/2990/hayriver.html
Hay River, NWT  http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/nin/pro/nwt/hayriver_e.html
Hay River, NWT  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hay_River,_Northwest_Territories
Hay River, NWT  http://www.nwtandy.rcsigs.ca/stations/hay2.htm
Hay River, NWT  http://jackron.tripod.com/hayriv1.html
Hay River, NWT  http://www.nwtandy.rcsigs.ca/stations/hay.htm
Hay River Reserve  http://www.assembly.gov.nt.ca/VisitorInfo/NWTMapandHistory/HayRiverReserve.html
Hay River Reserve Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/nwt/pro_nt29.php
Hay River Settrlement  http://www.aboriginalcanada.gc.ca/abdt/apps/connectivitysurvey.nsf/vAllCRSummaryEn/2626
Hunter, George, and the Slavey Indians 1929  http://www.calverley.ca/Part01-FirstNations/01-032.html
Jean Marie River Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/nwt/pro_nt34.php
Liidlii Kue First Nation  http://www.cancom.net/~lkfndir/
Long Winter  http://hazel.forest.net/whootie/stories/longwint_body.html
Maps of the Arctic Basin ...  http://www.aina.ucalgary.ca/scripts/minisa.dll/144/proe/proarc/se+arctic,+v.+36,+no.++2,+June+1983,*?COMMANDSEARCH
Nahanni Butte Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/nwt/pro_nt37.php
Norman Wells Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/nwt/pro_nt39.php
North Slavey Language  http://www.languagegeek.com/dene/kashogotine/north_slavey.html
North Slavey Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=scs
North Slavey Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=scs
Prophet River First Nation  http://www.jobsearchonline.bc.ca/Community_Profiles/prophet_river.htm
Prophet River First Nation  http://www.firstbusiness.ca/firstnations/fnsearch.php?action=search&action=search&select=details&org_id=169
Prophet River No. 4  http://www.aboriginalcanada.gc.ca/abdt/apps/connectivitysurvey.nsf/vAllCRSummaryEn/1100?OpenDocument
Prophet River No. 4 BC  http://www.broadband.gc.ca/demographic_servlet/community_demographics/7046
Signing the Treaty (No. 11)  http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/pr/trts/hti/t11/sig_e.html
Slave River History  http://www.greatcanadianrivers.com/rivers/slaveriver/history-home.html
Slavey  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/slavey.html
Slavey (Dene Tha' ) Nation  http://www.albertasource.ca/treaty8/eng/Peoples_and_Places/Profiles_of_the_Treaty_Makers/Bands_and_Nations/slavey_bands.html
Slavey (Dene Tha') Nation: Religion and Ceremony  http://www.albertasource.ca/treaty8/eng/Peoples_and_Places/Profiles_of_the_Treaty_Makers/Bands_and_Nations/slavey_bands_religion.html
Slavey Indian Camp  http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/pr/trts/hti/imgally/pg70_e.html
Slavey Language  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Slavey_language
Slavey Language  http://www.language-museum.com/s/slavey.htm
South Slavey Language  http://www.dehchomackenziemetis.ca/pastfuture.html
South Slavey Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=xsl
South Slavey Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=xsl
Town of Hay River  http://www.hayriver.com/egovernment/government_mla.htm
Traditional Tribes of Great Slave  http://www.greatcanadianlakes.com/northwest/slave/cul_page2.htm
Treaty No. 8  http://www.treaty8.org/t8fn_fullTexttreaty8.htm
Treaty No. 8  http://www.theedge.ca/barbarabeck/page2.html
Treaty No. 11  http://www.canadahistory.com/sections/documents/1921_treaty_eleven.htm
Trout Lake Slavey Band Office  http://www.arcticphoto.co.uk/supergal/ca/ca00/ca0041-10.htm
Voices of Deline  http://www.sahtugotinegodi.ca/
West Point First Nation  http://www.dehchofirstnations.com/members/west_point.htm
Wrigley  http://tourthenorth.com/Communities/default.asp?pID=54
Wrigley Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/nwt/pro_nt57.php
Wrigley, NWT  http://ca.epodunk.com/profiles/northwest-territories/wrigley/2005388.html
Wrigley, NWT  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wrigley,_Northwest_Territories

Last updated 11/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press