FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Snoqualmie

 

 

Ethnie: SNOQUALMIE
Language: Lushootseed
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 60   1990 M. D. Kincade (total language)
   The Snoqualmie were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  They were located inland on the Snoqualmie and Skyomish Rivers.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  Skyomish (2), Snoqualmie (3), Stakta'ledjabsh (3)
Present Locations
WA  Snoqualmie Tribal Council, Carnation
         Snoqualmie Tribe of Whidbey Island
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1847 Attacked and nearly destroyed by Chimacum
1870 Smallpox epidemic
1999 Snoqualmie Tribe recognized
Year  Population Source
1700 500  NAHDB calculation 
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1856 225 Swanton
1900 100 NAHDB calculation
2000 1,000 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Duwamish, Muckleshoot, Nisqually, Puyallup, Sahewamish, Suquamish
Snoqualmie Sites:
Coast Salish Bibliography  http://home.istar.ca/~bthom/salish-rev.htm
Lushootseed Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=LUT
Lushootseed Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=LUT
Maple Bay:  Last Great Battle  http://www.mbyc.bc.ca/History/LastGreatBattle.htm
Native Americans Force Settlers to Leave Whidbey Island, 1848  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5246
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_coastal_culture.htm
Snoqualmie Falls  http://www.sacredland.org/historical_sites_pages/snoqualmie_falls.html
Snoqualmie Falls History  http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/getaways/107345_hikebar06.shtml
Snoqualmie Hills Project  http://www.snoqualmiecasinoproject.com/
Snoqualmie History  http://www.snoqualmiecasinoproject.com/
Snoqualmie Indian Chiefs  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/salish/snoqualmiechiefs.htm
Snoqualmie Tribal Profile  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Washington/Snoqualmie%20Tribal%20Profile.htm
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5230

Last updated 03/06/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press