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Songhees

 

 

Ethnie: SONGHEES (SONGISH)
Language: Salish Striats
Family: Central Salish
Stock: Salish
Phylum: Mosan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Coast
Speakers 20   (2002 Poser) Total language  
       The Songhees were a sedentary maritime nation that relied heavily on fishing. They lived on the southern end of Vancouver Island and possibly the western shore of San Juan Island in Washington. They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations:  Subdivisions (Bands)
BC      Sanetch (6), Songhish (12), Sooke (1)
Present Locations
BC Beecher Bay Indian Band, Sooke 
  Esquimalt Indian Band, Victoria
  Pauquachin Indian Band , Sidney
  Songhees Indian Band, Victoria
  Sooke Indian Band, Sooke
  Tsartlip First Nation, Brentwood Bay
  Tsawout First Nation, Saanichton
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1843 Victoria post founded
1858 Fraser River gold rush
1870 Smallpox epidemic
1885 Potlatch banned in British Columbia
1951 Potlatch ban repealed
Year BC Population   Source
1700 2,700   NAHDB calculation
1780 2,700   Mooney estimate
1800 2,700   NAHDB calculation
1900 500   NAHDB calculation
1906 488   CDIA
2000 2,000   NAHDB calculation
2005 2,046   Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
Lummi, Samish
SongheesTribe Sites:
Beecher Bay Burning Ceremony  http://www.racerocks.com/racerock/admin/rrab/beecherbayceremony.htm
Beecher Bay Indian Band, Sooke  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/pro_bca3.php
Beecher Bay Profile  http://sdiprod2.inac.gc.ca/fnprofiles/FNProfiles_PrintForm.asp?BAND_NUMBER=640&BAND_NAME=Beecher+Bay&ES=ACT&Q=2
Esquimalt  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esquimalt,_British_Columbia
Esquimalt  http://www.esquimalt.com/
Esquimalt Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/pro_bca7.php
James Squameyugs--Songhees Chief 1864-1892  http://www.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/notes/scomiak.html
Pauquachin  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/pauquachin.htm
Pauquachin Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca15.php
Photo Gallery  http://www.ubcic.bc.ca/Resources/ourhomesare/gallery/Photos.htm
Salish Straits Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=str
Salish Straits Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=str
Songhees Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca19.php
Songhees Indian Reserve Act  http://www.canlii.org/ca/sta/s-13.5/
Songhees Nation  http://www.songheesnation.com/
Songhees Nation:  Archeology and Ethnology  http://collections.ic.gc.ca/salish/trad/songheesprime.htm
Songhees Point Census  http://history.mala.bc.ca/content/census/firstNations.aspx?n_bandId=46
Sooke Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca20.php
Tsartlip First Nation  http://www.tsartlip.com/
Tsartlip Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca16.php
Tsawout First Nation  http://www.tsawout.ca/
Tsawout Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca17.php
T'sou-ke Nation  http://www.tsoukenation.com/
Victoria Unity Feast  http://www.cashsave.com/unityf.htm

Last updated 11/15/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press