FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Southern Paiute

 

Ethnie: PAIUTE, SOUTHERN
Language: Southern Numic
Family: Numic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Great Basin
Speakers 1,984 in U.S. incl. Ute      1990 Census
     The Southern Paiute were a nomadic poor hunter/gatherer dialectic division of mostly foragers though a number in their southeast range were sedentary farmers. They occupied a large arid area which included western Utah, northwestern Arizona, southeastern Nevada and portions of California east of the Sierra Nevada. They are closely related to the Chemehuevi and Kawaiisu. They avoided White contact, thereby resulting in little of their history being recorded though they did raid into Southern California in the late 1800's.
Aboriginal Locations
Bands:  AZ 2, CA 3, NV 11,  UT 8
Present Locations
KAIBAB RESERVATION, Fredonia, AZ
LAS VEGAS COLONY, Las Vegas, NV
MOAPA RIVER RESERVATION, Moapa, NV
SOUTHERN PAIUTE RESERVATION, Cedar City, UT
TULE RIVER RESERVATION, Porterville, CA
Year History
1776 Visited by Father Escalante
1849 Gold rush into California and Nevada, livestock depleted food supplies
1857 Said to have participated in the Mountain Meadows massacre of White settlers by Mormons
1871 Visited by John Wesley Powell
1970 Received $7.25 million from the U.S. government for lands wrongfully taken
Year Total Population California Estimate Source
1700 1,500 150 NAHDB calculation
1800 1,500 150 NAHDB calculation
1873 1,500 U. S. Indian Office
1900 900 50 NAHDB calculation
1910 780 Census
1930 294 Census
1937 439 U. S. Indian Office
1970 500 Census
1989 713 BIA
2000 800 50 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Chemehuevi, Kawaiisu, Ute
Southern Paiute Sites
1857 Mountain Meadows Massacre  http://www.religioustolerance.org/lds_mass.htm
Archeology - Zion National Park  http://www.nps.gov/zion/Archeology.htm
Chemehuevi Closely related
Dixie National Forest  http://www.fs.fed.us/r4/dixie/about/Heritage/history.html
Early Peoples of the Mojave Desert  http://www.blm.gov/education/00_resources/articles/mojave/mojaveposterback1a.html
The Future of Numic Ethnohistory ... http://www.americanindian.ucr.edu/events/ethnohistory_conference_03/numic_ethnohistory2.html
Grand Staircase - Escalante National Monument, Utah  http://www.cpluhna.nau.edu/Places/gsenm2.htm
Granites History  http://nrs.ucop.edu/reserves/granites/history.html
Great Basin Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/great_basin_forager_culture.htm
Kaibab-Paiute Tribe  http://www.itcaonline.com/tribes_kaibab.html
Kaibab Paiute Tribe  http://www.kaibabpaiutetribal.com/
Kawaiisu Closely related
Moapa Bands of Paiutes  http://www.xeri.com/Moapa/moapa.htm
Moapa Paiute  http://www.xeri.com/Moapa/moapa-facts.htm
Paiute  http://www.anthro.mankato.msus.edu/cultural/northamerica/paiute.html
Paiute  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/paiute.html
Paiute Indians, Southern  http://jeff.scott.tripod.com/paiute.html
The Paiute People  http://www.desertusa.com/ind1/du_peo_paiute.html
Salt Song Project  http://www.nativeland.org/saltsong2.html
San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe  http://www.itcaonline.com/tribes_sanjuan.html
San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe  http://www.cba.nau.edu/caied/TribePages/SanJuan.asp
Slavery in Nevada  http://dmla.clan.lib.nv.us/docs/dca/thiswas/thiswas43.htm
Southern Paiute  http://www.cpluhna.nau.edu/People/southern_paiute.htm
Southern Paiute  http://hrc.nevada.edu/museum/Education/paiuteeducation/paiute.html
Southern Paiute  http://www.unr.edu/nnap/NT/sp-1.htm
Southern Paiute (and Chemehuevi)  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Southern-Paiute-and-Chemehuevi.html
Southern Paiute Lives and Legends  http://www.suu.edu/faculty/mulderink/ServiceLearning/muir&nelson.htm
Southern Paiute Origin Legends http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/paiute.html
Southern Paiute Photographs 1870-1880  http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award97/codhtml/hawpSubjects317.html
Southern Paiute Plant Use  http://www.lvrj.com/communitylink/sma/echo/augoct/echo6.html
Southern Paiute Pottery Activity  http://www.unr.edu/nnap/NT/t-4.htm
Sugar and Salt  http://www.abotech.com/Articles/Campbell01.htm
Ute Indian Language (Southern Paiute)  http://www.native-languages.org/ute.htm
Ute-Southern Paiute Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=UTE
Ute-Southern Paiute Language  http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/lingu/events/minico02/abstract/cairns.pdf
Ute-Southern Paiute Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=UTE
What's a Kwagunt?  http://www.kwagunt.net/indexa.html

Last updated 08/18/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press