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Squamish

 

 

Ethnie: SQUAMISH
Language: Squamish
Family: Central Salish
Stock: Salish
Phylum: Mosan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Coast
Speakers 20   (1990 M.D. Kincade)  
       The Squamish were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherer nation that relied heavily on fishing. They were located on Howe Sound and Burrard Inlet north of the mouth of the Fraser River. The Nooksack of Washington separated from the Squamish prior to White arrival. They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
BC      Squamish (106)
Present Locations
BC Squamish First Nation, North Vancouver
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1843 Victoria post founded
1858 Fraser River gold rush
186X Arrival of Methodist missionaries
1870 Smallpox epidemic
1885 Potlatch banned in British Columbia
1951 Potlatch ban repealed
Year BC Population   Source
1700 1,800   NAHDB calculation
1780 1,800   Mooney estimate
1800 1,800   NAHDB calculation
1900 200   NAHDB calculation
1909 174   CDIA
2000     NAHDB calculation
2005 2,347   Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Squamish Tribe Sites:
Aboriginal History  http://www.discovervancouver.com/GVB/aborigina-history.asp
Baker, Gary, Northwestern Art Carver  http://www.freespiritgallery.ca/garybaker.htm
Growing Up Squamish  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=2510
Legend of Wountie  http://members.tripod.com/~Vicky_Brown/stories.html
Museums Near Squamish  http://www.howesound.com/activities/museums.php
Squamish District  http://www.district.squamish.bc.ca/business/community_profile/
Squamish History  http://www.squamishchamber.com/dyn.Squamish_History.php
Squamish Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/pro_bc18.php
Squamish First Nation  http://www2.vpl.vancouver.bc.ca/DBs/RedBook/orgPgs/1/1558.html
Squamish Language  http://www.ydli.org/langs/squamish.htm
Squamish Language  http://www.native-languages.org/squamish.htm
Squamish Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=SQU
Squamish Language Plaque  http://www.schoolnet.ca/aboriginal/tribute/squamish-e.html
Squamish Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_lang_family.asp?code=SQU
Squamish Nation  http://www.bctreaty.net/nations_3/squamish.html
Squamish Nation  http://www.educationcanada.com/browse.phtml?sid=bc&eid=786&a=mep&lang=eng
Squamish Nation Ambassadors  http://www.wildernesscommittee.org/campaigns/rainforest/lower_mainland/stoltmann_wilderness/reports/Vol24No06/ambassadors
Squamish Nation Art  http://www.canadianindianart.com/cgi-bin/new_news.pl?newsID=37
Squamish Nation Art  http://www.greatervancouverparks.com/SquamishNation.html
Squamish Nation Network  http://www.squamish.net/
Squamish Nation School  http://www.newhaven.ca/portfolio/squamish.html
Squamish Nation Stock Photos  http://www.pbase.ca/i/search.php?keywords=Squamish%20Nation&stype=click
Squamish Nation Stock Photos  http://www.pbase.ca/i/search.php?keywords=Squamish%20Tribe&stype=click
Squamish Nation Storytelling  http://whs.at.org/photos/longhouse/view
Squamish Speakers Keep Language Alive  http://www.straight.com/content.cfm?id=8103
Squamish Nation Totem Poles  http://www.2010cards.com/freevancard/?c=totems.html
Squamish Nation Totem Poles  http://www.2010cards.com/freevancard/totem-poles-8.php
Squamish Traditional Dancer  http://www.eaglesongdancers.org/about.htm
Squamish Tribe  http://www.suquamish.nsn.us/
Squamish Valley and Area  http://www.questu.ca/discover_quest/visitor_information/squamish_valley_area.php
Stawamus Chief Provincial Park  http://www.seatoskycountry.net/provparks/stawamus_chief.html
Why the Salmon Came to Squamish Waters  http://collections.ic.gc.ca/pacificfisheries/teacher/legend.html

Last updated 11/14/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press