FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Suquamish

 

 

Ethnie: SUQUAMISH
Language: Lushootseed
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 60    1990 M. D. Kincade (total language)
     The Suquamish were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  They lived along the west coast of Puget Sound from Applegate Cove to Gig Harbor.  They and the Duwamish were jointly ruled by Chief Seattle  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (2)
Present Locations
WA  Port Madison Reservation, Bremerton
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1840 Conducted devastating raid on stockaded Chimacum village
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1855 Treaty of Point Elliot
1866 Death of Chief Seattle
1870 Smallpox epidemic
Year  Population Source
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation 
1800 800 NAHDB calculation
1857 411 Swanton
1900 200 NAHDB calculation
1909 204 US Indian Office
1910 307 Census
1937 168 US Indian Office
1973 182 BIA
1989 652 BIA
2000 800 NAHDB calculation
2004 890 IHC
Other speakers of the same language:
Duwamish, Muckleshoot, Nisqually, Puyallup, Sahewamish, Snoqualmie
Suquamish Sites:
Black River Disappears in July 1916  http://historylink.org/_output.CFM?file_ID=2624
Chief Noah Seattle  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5071
Chief Seattle  http://www.chiefseattle.com/history/chiefseattle/chief_g.htm
Chief Seattle  http://members.aol.com/jroache/fact081.html
Chief Seattle, Leader of the Suquamish and Duwamish  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article330.html
Chief Seattle's Speech  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=1427
Clearwater Casino  http://www.clearwatercasino.com/
Denny, David Thomas  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=1729
Keeping a Tradition Afloat  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues03/Co02082003/CO_02082003_Canoe.htm
Lushootseed Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=LUT
Lushootseed Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=LUT
Maple Bay:  Last Great Battle  http://www.mbyc.bc.ca/History/LastGreatBattle.htm
Native Americans Force Settlers to Leave Whidbey Island, 1848  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5246
Native Americans of Puget Sound  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=1506
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_coastal_culture.htm
Old Man House State Park ...  http://historylink.org/results.cfm
Princess Angeline or Kikisoblu ...  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=2493
Seattle, Chief of the Duwamish ...  http://elvis.rowan.edu/~kilroy/JEK/06/07.html
Seattle (Duwamish) 1786-1866  http://college.hmco.com/english/lauter/heath/4e/students/author_pages/early_nineteenth/seattleduwamish.html
Seattle:  Suquamish and Duwamish  http://www.powersource.com/gallery/people/seattle.html
Suquamish and S'Klallam Tribes Test of Strength  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues04/Co07312004/CO_07312004_CanoeJourney.htm
Suquamish Authors:  Chief Dan George  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/A194
Suquamish Indians Harvest Clams in First Commercial Dig ...  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5204
Suquamish Indian Tribe  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1576.html
Suquamish Indian Tribe  http://schools.fwps.org/pa/student/Indian/Suquamish/
Suquamish Tribal Profile  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Washington/Suquamish%20Tribal%20Profile.htm
Suquamish Tribe  http://www.suquamish.nsn.us/
Suquamish Tribe  http://www.loc.gov/bicentennial/propage/WA/wa-1_h_inslee1.html
Suquamish Tribe Acquires Suquamish Tribal Square  http://www.prweb.com/releases/2003/11/prweb89178.htm
Suquamish Tribe:  A Local Legacy  http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/es/wa/indian_1
Suquamish Tribe's Beachfront Damaged by Oil Spill  http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0JJC/is_4_24/ai_n6130515
Treaty of Point Elliot  ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/wa/indians/treaties/pteliott.txt
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5230

Last updated 03/06/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press