FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Tahltan

 

 

Ethnie: TAHLTAN
Dialects Tahltan
Language: Tahltan-Kaska
Family: Athapaskan
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Rocky Mountian Western Plateau
Speakers 35   (2002 Poser)  
      The Tahltan were a nomadic hunter/gatherer tribe that relied heavily on fishing. They occupied the basin of the Stikine River down to the mouth of the Iskut and Dease Rivers half way to McDane Creek, the northern sources of the Nass and some of the southern branches of the Taku. They suffered from the White influx, and particularly form smallpox.
Aboriginal Locations: Divisions
BC      Gikahnegah, Lakneip, Tahltan, Teetch-aranee, Thludlin, Tratuckka, Tsaqudartsee
Present Locations
BC Iskut First Nation, Iskut
  Tahltal Indian Band, Telegraph Creek
Year History
1793 Alexander Mackenzie became the first white man to travel through territories while looking for fur-trading areas for the North West Company
1815 Met Ross Cox
1821 Fort Alexandria established
1826 Carriers armed, Chilcotin moved notrth
1829 Fort Chilcotin established
1857 Cariboo gold rush
1862 Smallpox epidemic
1864 Chilcotin War
1884 The Potlatch was outlawed
1914 First mission schools compelter
1918 Spanish Flu epidemic
1951 Potlatch ban repealed
Year BC Population   Source
1700 1,000   NAHDB calculation
1800 1,000   Kroeber, Teit
1800 1,000   NAHDB calculation
1837 500   Wilson
1850 300   Duff
1900 250   NAHDB calculation
1909 229   CDIA
1934 240   CDIA
1949 357   CDIA
1959 503   CDIA
1798 793   CDIA
2000 2,000   NAHDB calculation
2005 2,189   Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
Other speakers of the same language:
Kaska, Tagish, Tsetsaut
TahltanTribe Sites:
Iskut  http://www.britishcolumbia.com/regions/towns/?townID=3606
Tahltan Band Council  http://www.tahltan.ca/
Tahltan Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/canada/tahltanindianhist.htm
Tahltan Language  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tahltan_language
Tahltan Language  http://www.ydli.org/langs/tahltan.htm
Tahltan Language  Plaque  http://www.schoolnet.ca/aboriginal/tribute/tahltan-e.html
Tahltan Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=tht
Tahltan Nation  http://www.gov.bc.ca/arr/negotiation/first_nations_in_the_process/tahltan_nation.htm
Tahltan Nation  http://independentmedia.ca/survivingcanada/2005-07-july_6_tahltan_nation.html
Tahltan Nation Development Corporation  http://strategis.ic.gc.ca/app/ccc/search/navigate.do?language=eng&portal=1&estblmntNo=234567036825&profile=completeProfile
Tahltan Web  http://www.pris.bc.ca/framst/tahltan.html
Telegraph Creek  http://www.tricorp.ca/pages/villpgs/telegraph.html

Last updated 11/23/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press