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Tawasa

 

 

Ethnie: TAWASA
Language; Timucua Taino
Family: Northern Maipuran
Stock: Maipuran
Phylum: Arawakan
Macro-Culture: Florida
Speakers Extinct
      The Tawasa were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They were located about present Mongomery. They relocated often due to pressure from other tribes. They apparently finally joined their prior enemies, the Creeks.
Aboriginal Locations
AL   (1)
Present Locations
Confederated into the Creek in AL and/or OK or Alabama-Coushatta in TX
Year History
1540 Met by De Soto in Alabama
1706 Moved to Apalachicola River
1707 Attacked by English and Creeks, some captured, others fled to French, settled near Mobile
1715 Territory taken over by the Taensa
1717 Settled near Ft. Toulouse in northern Alabama
1763 Half of tribe removed to Louisiana and ultimately on to Polk County, Texas with the Alabama
1814 Forced by Treaty of Fort Jackson after Creek Warto Creek territories where some remained until the migration across the Mississippi, later joined Creeks while others had joined Alabama emigrants in Louisiana
Year Total AL Population   Source
1700 200   NAHDB calculation
1760 150   French census
1792 200   Georgia census
1800 200 NAHDB calculation
1832 321 Census
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0   NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Mococo, Osochi, Pohoy, Potano, Saturiwa, Tacatacuru, Timucua, Yustaga
Tawasa Sites:
500 Year of Baker County  http://rootsweb.com/~flbaker/500yr.html
Brief History of the Timucua Taino of Northern Florida  http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/41/265.html
DeSoto's Florida Trails  http://www.floridahistory.com/inset5.html
Florida Archeological Collections  http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/flarch/collections.htm
Florida Indian Tribes  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/florida/
Fort Caroline National Memorial  http://gorp.away.com/gorp/resource/us_nmem/fl_ftcar.htm
Linguists Research Timucua, a Language with No Speakers  http://www.wm.edu/news/?id=5291
Taino Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=90537
Taino Timucua Tribe  http://www.hartford-hwp.com/Timucua/
Timucua  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timucua
Timucua  http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/t/ti/timucua.htm
Timucua Indian Coloring Pages  http://pelotes.jea.com/incolor3.htm
Timucua Indians  http://www.nps.gov/timu/indepth/foca/foca_timucua.htm
Timucua Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14733a.htm
Timucua Indians - After the Europeans Came  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article1109.html
Timucua Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/timucua/timucuaindianhist.htm
Timucua Language   http://www.native-languages.org/timucua.htm

Last updated 10/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press