FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Tawehash

 

 

Ethnie: TAWEHASH (TAOVAYA)
Language: Wichita
Family Wichita
Stock: Northern Caddoan
Phylum: Caddoan
Macro-Culture: Great Plains
Speakers 10 or fewer speakers   1998 James Brooks, NY Times
      The Tawehash were a hunter/farmer tribe located on the Canadian River north of the Washita.  They were agricultural, as well as buffalo hunters.  The Tawehash moved often due to pressure from predatory tribes.  They confederated into the Wichita late in the 1700's.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
OK  Teodoro, San Bernardo
Present Locations
OK Among Wichita Tribe, Anadarko
Year History
1500 Predatory Apacheans migrated into Wichita territories
1719 Found by La Harpe on Canadian River with confederate allies
1759 Spanish Col. Padilla attacked Twin Villages with 500 men and two cannons, but was soundly defeated and forced to retreat
1778 Met by Mezieres, occupied 160 lodges, had 800 fighting men; remained in same area until later joining Wichita
Year Total Population Source
1700 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1778 2,800 Mexieres estimates, hereafter enumerated with Wichita
1800 - NAHDB calculation
1900 - NAHDB calculation 
2000 - NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Tawakoni, Waco, and Wichita 
Tawehash Sites:
Art Works Reported Missing from Wichita Indian Center  http://www.kctv.com/Global/story.asp?S=3108198
Catlin Collection  http://catlinclassroom.si.edu/catlin_browsepagetribe.cfm?StartRow=201
Grass Wigwam at Wichita  http://www.kancoll.org/khq/1933/33_1_isely.htm
Huntinghorse, Dina, Jeweler  http://www.taostrading.com/eshox_pages/dina.html
Native American Heritage Village  http://allaboutwichita.com/articles/indian/indian01.html
Red man Linked to the Palo Pinto Mountains  http://www.rootsweb.com/~txpalopi/oddsnends/1857-1957news/ppmountains.htm
Taovaya  http://www.rra.dst.tx.us/c_t/indians/TAOVAYA%20INDIANS.cfm
Wichita  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/wichita.html
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes  http://www.wichita.nsn.us/
Wichita Archives  http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/ok/nations/wichita/wichita/
Wichita Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t117
Wichita Camp  http://www.archives.gov/research_room/research_topics/native_americans/select_list_022.html
Wichita Falls History  http://www.wichitafalls.org/historical.htm
Wichita Folklore  http://www.towerofbabel.com/map/article.pl?sid=04/02/23/2217234&mode=thread&tid=267
Wichita Four Cycles Prophesy  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article736.html
Wichita Indian Center  http://theindiancenter.com/
Wichita Indian Legends  http://homepage.mac.com/thorntonstreiff/The_W_Indian_Legends.html
Wichita Indians  http://www.texasindians.com/wichita.htm
Wichita Indians  http://www.rra.dst.tx.us/c_t/indians/WICHITA%20INDIANS.cfm
Wichita Indians  http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/print/WW/bmw3.html
Wichita Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15616b.htm
Wichita Indians of Texas  http://www.angelfire.com/tx2/ecc/wichita.html
Wichita Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/wichita/wichitaindianhist.htm
Wichita Language  http://www.native-languages.org/wichita.htm
Wichita Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WIC
Wichita Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=WIC
Wichita Literature  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/witchita.htm
Wichita or Kitikit-ees  http://users.aol.com/donh523/navapage/wichita.htm
Wichita Tribe  http://www.omaha.lib.ne.us/transmiss/congress/wichita.html
Wichita Village  http://www.indiancityusa.com/indian_village_wichita.asp

Last updated 04/07/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press