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Thompson

 

 

Ethnie: THOMPSON (NTLAKYAPAMUK)
Language: Thompson or Nylakyapamuk
Family: Northern Interior Salish
Stock: Interior Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Plateau
Speakers 595    (1998 Statistics of Canada)
      The Thompson were a hunter/gatherer confederacy and language group. They lived along the Thompson and Fraser Rivers of southern inland British Columbia. They suffered from the White influx, particularly the resulting epidemics and being crowded out of their ancestral territories.
Aboriginal Locations:  Subdivisions (# of Villages)
BC     Nicola (12), Spences Bridge (16), Lower Thompson (25), Upper Thompson (16)
Present Locations
BC    Boothroyd Indian Band, Boston Bar
         Boston Bar Indian Band, North Bend
         Coldwater Indian Band, Merritt
         Cook's Ferry Indian Band, Merritt
         Kanaka Bar Indian Band, Lytton
         Lower Nicola Indian Band, Merritt
         Lytton Indian Band, Lytton
         Nicomen Indian Band
         Nooaitch Indian Band, Merritt
         Oregon Jack Creek Indian Band, Ashcroft
         Shackan Indian Band, Merritt
         Siska Indian Band, Lytton
         Skuppah Indian Band, Lytton
         Spuzzum Indian Band, Spuzzum
Year History
1809 Simon Fraser passed through territory followed by numerous employees of Hudson Bay Company
1845 Visited by Jesuit missionary Father John Nobili
1858 Fraser River gold rush, invasion of miners, violence
1860 Visited by missionary Oblate Father Paul Durieu
1863 Smallpox epidemic
1880 Obalte missionary Father John M. R. Le Leune began working with tribe inventing Salish shorthand writing system
1884 Canadian Pacific Railroad completed
Year BC Population Source
1700 5,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 5,000   Mooney estimate
1800 5,000 NAHDB calculation
1900 1,800 NAHDB calculation 
1902 1,826 Canadian Indian Office
1906 1,776 Canadian Indian Office
2000 4,500 NAHDB calculation 
2005 4,719 Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Thompson Sites:
Boothroyd  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/boothroyd.htm
Boothroyd Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca48.php
Boston Bar  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/boston_bar.htm
Boston Bar  http://www.bcadventure.com/adventure/explore/high_country/cities/canyons.htm
Boston Bar Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca49.php
Coldwater  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/coldwater.htm
Coldwater Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca41.php
Cook's Ferry  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/cooks_ferry.htm
Cook's Ferry Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca42.php
Dreamspeaker  http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/nr/nwltr/drm/s2000/shu_e.html
Kanaka Bar  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/kanaka_bar.htm
Lower Nicola  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/lower_nicola.htm
Lower Nicola Indian Band  http://www.lnib.net/
Lower Nicola Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca43.php
Lytton  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/lytton.htm
Lytton Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca53.php
Nicola Tribal Association  http://www.bcfn.org/nicola/
Nicomen  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/nicomen.htm
Nicomen Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca44.php
Nicomen Indian Band  http://www.gov.bc.ca/arr/negotiation/first_nations_in_the_process/nicomen.htm
Nooaitch Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca47.php
Ntlakyapamuk Indians of Canada  http://www.canadiangenealogy.net/indians/ntlakyapamuk_indians.htm
Ntlaklapamuk Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/salish/ntlakyapamukindianhist.htm
Oregon Jack Creek  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/oregon_jack_creek.htm
Oregon Jack Creek Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca40.php
Oregon Jack Creek No. 3  http://www.aboriginalcanada.gc.ca/abdt/apps/connectivitysurvey.nsf/vAllCRSummaryEn/1341?OpenDocument
Shackan Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca46.php
Siska Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca54.php
Skuppah Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca55.php
Spuzzum  http://www.bcfn.org/profile/spuzzum.htm
Spuzzum:  Fraser Canyon Histories  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article1015.html
Spuzzum Indian Band  http://ilm.gospelcom.net/reserves/bc/probca56.php
Thompson Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=thp
Thompson Language  http://www.ydli.org/langs/thompson.htm
Thompson Language  http://www.native-languages.org/thompson.htm
Thompson Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=thp
Thompson Myth:  Creation of Man  http://alexm.here.ru/mirrors/www.enteract.com/jwalz/Eliade/065.html
Thompson River Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14704b.htm
Thompson Tribe Pit House  http://www.dennisrhollowayarchitect.com/html/Thompson.html

Last updated 11/15/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press