Timucuan Tribes



Language; Timucua Taino
Family: Northern Maipuran
Stock: Maipuran
Phylum: Arawakan
Macro-Culture: Florida
Speakers Extinct
       The Timucuan tribes were a sedentary hunter/farmer culture. They occupied territories from north central Florida to northeast Georgia including the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. They were first missionized, and later destroyed in the Timucuan Rebellion against the Spanish and by years of Creek and Yuchi attacks.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
FL    Acuera (1), Agua Dulce (25), Onatheaqua (1), Surruque (1), Tocobaga (1), Utina (140)
GA   Icafui (7-8), Yui (5)
Present Locations
Taino Timucua Tribe, Tampa; otherwise extinct except that some remnants may have been absorbed by Creek and Seminole now in FL and OK
Year History
1519 First contact with Ponce de Leon
1528 Visited by Narvaez
1539 Visited by De Soto
1564 Came in contact with French after the establishment of Fort Caroline, aided French in defeating Potano
1576 Spanish supplanted French, missionized, aided by Spanish in battles with neighboring tribes
1613 Pestilence (smallpox [?])
1649 Pestilence (smallpox [?])
1656 Timucuan Rebellion
1672 Pestilence, years of Creek and Yuchi attacks
1704 Gathered at St. Augustine
1728 One remaining village of 35 after repeated attacks by English and northern tribes
1736 Settled in Volusia County, soon disappeared, possibly being swallowed up by invading Seminole
Year Total  Population GA FL   Source
1650 10,000 700 9,300   Swanton estimated 700 population for Okelusa, Chawasha, and Washa
1700 100 100   NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0     NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Mococco, Osochi, Pohoy, Potano, Saturiwa, Tacatacuru, Tawasa, Yustaga
Timucua Sites:
500 Year of Baker County
Brief History of the Timucua Taino of Northern Florida
Devil in the Details
Fountain of Youth Park
Historical Archeology
In Ages Past
Jacksonville Archeology Under Foot
Linguists Research Timucua, a Language with No Speakers
Micanopy Historical Marker
Missions, Timucua, and the Aucilla
Native American History of Jacksonville
Old Florida Museum
Taino Linguistic Lineage
Taino Timucua Tribe
Timucua Indian Coloring Pages
Timucua Indians
Timucua Indians
Timucua Indians - After the Europeans Came
Timucua Indian Tribe History
Timucua Language
What Happened to the Timucua?

Last updated 10/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press