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Toinontati

 

 

Ethnie: TIONONTATI (TOBACCO NATION, PETUN)
Language: Huron
Family: Northern Iroquoian
Stock: Iroquoian
Phylum: Macro-Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
      The Tionontati were a sedentary hunter/farmer nation known for Tobacco farming.  The Tionontati were nearly destroyed by their relatives, the Iroquois. Numerous relocations followed for the survivors. During and subsequent to the Beaver Wars with the Iroquois, surviving Huron, Neutrals, Erie, Wenro, and Tionontati confederated into the Wyandot.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
ON    Ehouae, Ekarenniondi, Etarita, St. Andre, St. Barthelemy, St. Jacques et St. Philippe, St. Simon et St. Jude, St. Thomas
Present Locations
Confederated into the Wyandot
Year History
1610 Had been at war with the Huron
1616 Met Samuel de Champlain, were hostile to first missionaries
1630 Began crossing into Michigan to hunt
1640 Jesuit mission established among tribe; Beaver Wars began with Iroquois
1649 Attignawantan Huron took refuge in the Tionontati villages after being defeated by the Iroquois; the Iroquois soon attacked the tionontati with the main village at Etarita being destroyed, its mission (St. Jean) burned, and two Jesuits, Father Charles Garnier and Father Noel Chabanel, tortured to death, approximately 1,000 Tionontati and Huron, mostly Tionontati, managed to escape to the north by canoe
1651 The Iroquois followed and attacked the Huron and Tionontati at Mackinac Island and the two tribes removed to an island in Green Bay
1652 Confederated Huron and Tionontati soon became known as Wyandot
Year Total Population ON Source
1600 8,000 8,000 Mooney estimate
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Eerie, Huron, Wenro, Wyandot
Tioontati Sites:
Garnier, Charles, 1606, 1649  http://www.alexanderstreet2.com/EENALive/bios/A7986BIO.html
Minesing Man  http://www.minesingswamp.ca/minesingman.html
Missions Among Indians  http://www2.marianopolis.edu/quebechistory/encyclopedia/IndianMissions.htm
"Petun" and the Petuns  http://www.kwic.com/~pagodavista/schoolhouse/rec/petun.htm
Petun Nation  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11784b.htm
Tionontatehronnon (Petun)  http://www.innisfil.library.on.ca/natives/natives/chp8.htm
Tionontati  http://ontalink.com/native_americans/tionontati.html
Tionontati History  http://www.dickshovel.com/tionontati.html
Tionontati Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/wyandot/tionontatihist.htm
Tobacco Nation  http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/society/A0848922.html
Tobacco Nation  http://www.answers.com/topic/tobacco-nation
Wendat (Huron) at Contact  http://www.innisfil.library.on.ca/natives/natives/chp2.htm
Wyandot Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t114
Wyandot/Huron Language  http://www.native-languages.org/wyandot.htm
Wyandot Nation of Kansas  http://www.wyandot.org/
Wyandotte Nation of Oklahoma  http://www.wyandotte-nation.org/index.html

Last updated 09/11/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press